The biosocial approach to gender development

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  • Created by: Abw97
  • Created on: 31-01-16 16:03
Explain Money and Ehrhardt's biosocial theory. (AO1)
Social learning, differential treatment interact with biological factors to steer development. Theory = attempt to intergrate nature and nurture. Argued from birth social factors (sex of rearing) was important.
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What did Money and Ehrhardt say about intersex individuals? (AO1)
If a boy was labelled a girl at birth and raised as a girl before age of 3, he would acquire gender identity of a girl. = Label a person is given is the key to gender development.
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How does Goldwyn's case study of Mrs DW support the biosocial theory? (AO2)
Mrs DW had AIS. - brought up as a woman. When told she was genetically male- she felt she was a woman and decided to stay that way. = Social factors influence gender, maybe more than biology. Supports Money that social factors determine gender.
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What case study disproves Money and Ehrhardt's theory? (AO2)
Case of David Reimer.
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Explain Eagly and Wood's Social Role Theory. (AO1)
Evolutionary not fully correct. -->selective pressure = physical & psychological differences. SR = Selective pressure = physical differences --> sex role allocations --> psychological sex differences.
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What is an example in the context of social role theory? (AO1)
Evolutionary -> Selective pressure men hunter / women home makers. Social Role = physical differences -> men strong / women bear children. Men assigned hunter / women assigned home maker.Psychological differences = men aggressive/ women empathetic
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What did Luxen say about the Social Role Theory?(AO2)
= Evolutionary can explain difference between male and female gender roles. Evolutionary can provide a simpler explanation.
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What does Luxens reason of 'Selective Pressure' mean? (AO2)
Behaviour is as important as physical characteristic, so selective pressure would act directly on behaviour to create psychological and physical differences.
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What does Luxens reason of 'sex differences without Socialisation' mean? (AO2)
Very young children and animals display sex differences in the their toy choice. = preferences are biological not psychological due to sex role socialisation being very unlikely to have taken place at a very young age.
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What is the Feminist Real World Application ? (AO2)
Feminist movement = successful in opportunities for women. Evolutionary approach = force against gender equality - implies sex differences are innate. Supports feminist view changes in social role = psychological differences in men and women.
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Card 2

Front

What did Money and Ehrhardt say about intersex individuals? (AO1)

Back

If a boy was labelled a girl at birth and raised as a girl before age of 3, he would acquire gender identity of a girl. = Label a person is given is the key to gender development.

Card 3

Front

How does Goldwyn's case study of Mrs DW support the biosocial theory? (AO2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What case study disproves Money and Ehrhardt's theory? (AO2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain Eagly and Wood's Social Role Theory. (AO1)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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