The behavioural approach to explaining phobias

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What is the behavioural approach?
People who believe that human that human behaviour can be explained in terms of conditioning
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What is the 2-process model?
Theory that explains development of phobias
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What are the two parts to this model?
Classical conditioning: initiation / Operant conditioning: maintenance
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What is classical conditioning: initiation?
Learning through association
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Process of stimulus
Loud noise(UCS)/Fear(UCR). Pairing these makes a CR. Makes a furry object a CS.
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Example of dogs
Bitten UCS creates fear UCR. Dog NS associated with being bitten UCS. Dog, now CS produces fear response of CR
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What is operant conditioning: maintenance?
Learning through consequences
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Procedure of key study, little albert.
11 months old, he links white rat to fear. When Albert went to touch the white fury thing, they would hit a steel bar behind his head making a loud noise.
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Findings of key study, little albert
When they showed him the white fury object, he began to cry and therefore they had conditioned a fear response to the white rat
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EVALUATION: The importance of classical conditioning
Some phobias may result in different processes/responses to the phobia
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Card 2

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What is the 2-process model?

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Theory that explains development of phobias

Card 3

Front

What are the two parts to this model?

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Card 4

Front

What is classical conditioning: initiation?

Back

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Card 5

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Process of stimulus

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