The Beginning of the Terror

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When were the September Massacres?
September 1792
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What triggered the September Massacres?
The strategic French town, Verdun, fell to the advancing Prussian army, which prompted the sans-culottes to fear an occupation of Paris.
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How many people were murdered in the streets of Paris and during the prison raids?
Over 1,400- most of them were common thieves and prostitutes.
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What were the political consequences of the September Massacres?
Divide between the Jacobins and the Girondins- Robespierre and the Jacobins endorsed the rioting as a necessary component of revolution- the Girondins condemned mob rule and the Plain swung towards the Girondins.
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When was the Vendee Revolt?
March 1793
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What happened in February 1793?
The National Convention ordered a levy of 300,000 soldiers.
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Why did the revolt in the Vendee occur?
The people objected to fighting for a government that they didn't agree with, especially after the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790), as the Vendee was deeply religious, with only 1/4 of priests swearing the oath.
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How many rebels were raised?
10,000 rebels against 1,300 National Guardsmen- began battles all over the region including the small town of Cholet.
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What was the outcome of the Vendee Revolt?
The CPS was committed on 6th April 1793.
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What happened in February 1793?
The National Guard had to be deployed to bring riots in Paris, caused largely by bread prices, under control.
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When were the Girondins purged from the Convention?
During the journee of the 2nd June 1793- 80,000 sans-culottes and National Guardsmen surrounded the Convention and demanded the dismissal of Girondin ministers.
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What was the result of the journee of the 2nd June 1793?
29 Girondin deputies were arrested.
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What happened as a result of the Girondin purge?
July 1793- Charlotte Corday assassinated Marat, and was then guillotined by the Revolutionary Tribunal.
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What happened to the CPS as a result of the Girondin purge?
CPS became far more radical- composed largely of revolutionary Jacobins.
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Card 2

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What triggered the September Massacres?

Back

The strategic French town, Verdun, fell to the advancing Prussian army, which prompted the sans-culottes to fear an occupation of Paris.

Card 3

Front

How many people were murdered in the streets of Paris and during the prison raids?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the political consequences of the September Massacres?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the Vendee Revolt?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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