The Assimilation Of The Native Americans.

  • Created by: cieran_10
  • Created on: 20-06-18 00:29
What was the main aim of the Dawes Act?
Converting tribesmen into independent tribesmen.
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What was is it hoped that the Dawes Act would do to tribal bonds, to assimilate the Indians into white society?
Break the tribal bonds to do this.
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What did the Dawes Act actually do for the Indians?
It split the reservation land into allotments.
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How many acres of land was each family head offered under the Dawes Act?
160 acres.
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When was the Dawes Act passed?
1887.
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What acreage of land did the Dawes give to each single adult?
80 acres.
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How much land would each child get under the Dawes Act?
40 acres.
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What were the Indians given under the Dawes Act, which did not include land?
U.S citizenship.
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Why did SOME reformers support the Dawes Act?
As it stopped the suffering of the Indians on the reservations.
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What two things did many people think that the reservation system did?
Made the Indians dependent on the US government and it caused idleness.
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Why did some support the Dawes Act, due to the settlers?
As they wanted to open up the land to settlers.
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What happened to remaining land from the reservations being split between Indians?
It was open for the purchase by white settlers.
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What was created using the funds from the selling of the surplus land from the reservations?
Indian schools.
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Why as it that Indian men could not adapt to the role of farming?
As this was a traditional women's job.
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Name two rules used in the Indian state schools.
The students had to dress like white Americans and they could not speak tribal languages.
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What happened to whole tribes, due to the Dawes Act?
They were split up from each other.
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Why did the Dawes Act make the Indians go against their beliefs?
As it supported land ownership, which they did not believe in.
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In what year did Indians own 138 million acres of land?
1887.
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In what year did Indians only own 78 million acres of land?
1900.
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Why did the Indians loose the land they were given under the Dawes Act?
As they were cheated by land speculators.
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Between what two years was the most land lost by Indians?
1887 and 1934.
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What fraction of land was lost by the Indians between 1887 and 1934?
1/3.
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Who and what land was exempt from the Dawes act?
The five eastern tribe moved to the Plains in the 1830's.
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How did the five eastern tribes loose their land?
By being forced to sell it.
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In what year did the US government repeal the Dawes Act and then encourage tribal identities? By this time, what percent of their land had they already been lost and what four things were they suffering from?
In 1934. They had lost 60 percent of land, meaning many of them reverted to poverty, alcoholism, illiteracy and suicide.
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What was most of the reformers based their actions on?
The preface that Indians should become Christian and western to improve themselves.
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Who taught the Ghost Dance and what was it meant to do (two things?)
Wovoka, who said that it could raise the dead and bring a new world free from settlers.
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What would the Ghost Dance do to the dancers?
Build them into a frenzy.
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Why did the settlers fear the Ghost Dance?
As it was unsettling and they feared that it would lead to rebellion.
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Where did tensions rise, due to the Ghost Dance?
Pine Ridge Reservation in the Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota.
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In the Wounded Knee Massacre, how many Sioux and how many soldiers died?
150 Sioux and 25 soldiers.
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What did SOME Ghost Dancers believe would protect them from bullets?
Special shirts.
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What did the bullet holes in thier special shirts do to their hope for their old life?
Destroy it.
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What did the Wounded Knee Massacre help the Indians to accept?
That reservations were their new homes.
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In what year was a census held, which showed there was no western frontier as there was in 1880 ?
In 1890.
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After the closing of the frontier, what were the Indians NO LONGER?
A barrier to settlement.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was is it hoped that the Dawes Act would do to tribal bonds, to assimilate the Indians into white society?

Back

Break the tribal bonds to do this.

Card 3

Front

What did the Dawes Act actually do for the Indians?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many acres of land was each family head offered under the Dawes Act?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the Dawes Act passed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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