The 5 Kingdom Classification System (2.3.2)

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What are the main features of prokaryotes?
No true nucleus, unicellular, no membrane-bound organelles.
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Give an example of a prokaryote.
Bacteria.
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What are the main features of protoctists?
They have a nucleus, unicellular, some have features of animals (protozoa), some have features of plants (algae).
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What sort of feeders are protoctista?
The animal-type ones are heterotrophic. They have to feed on other organisms to gain nutrients. The plant-like ones are autotrophic, so can produce their own organic nutrients.
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What are the main features of fungi?
Eukaryotic, walls are made of chitin, they have many nuclei, they are mostly multicellular, reproduce by spores. They are saprophytes, so they gain nutrients from dead organic matter.
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Describe the general structure of fungi.
They are made up of thread-like strands called Hyphae, which build into a big mass called a Mycelium. This is the bulk of the fungus structure.
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What are the features of the plantae kingdom?
All eukaryotic, multicellular, cellulose cell walls, can reproduce asexually and sexually. They are autotrophs which means they make their own nutrients- they do this by photosynthesis.
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What are the features of animals?
Eukaryotic, multicellular, able to move around, reproduce by fertilised eggs. They are heterotrophic feeders- they digest and absorb organic matter by eating other organisms.
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Card 2

Front

Give an example of a prokaryote.

Back

Bacteria.

Card 3

Front

What are the main features of protoctists?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What sort of feeders are protoctista?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What are the main features of fungi?

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