Thatcher Northern Ireland & IRA

  • Created by: AshyBoy
  • Created on: 28-11-18 22:09
Who did the IRA kill to spark Thatcher's crusade against the IRA?
The Queen's cousin Lord Mountbatten in 1979
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Who was Bobby Sands?
Leader of the IRA
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What was the 'political status' controversy around Bobby Sands?
Sands was arrested for firearm possession and wanted to be treated as a political prisoner but Thatcher insisted that he was a criminal like everyone else
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What was Thatcher's famous saying?
"Crime is crime"
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What is the historical battle between Catholics and the Conservative party?
It was originally called the "Conservative Unionist Party"
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What were the hunger strikes?
In 1981 - 10 people died due to self starvation which both strengthened Thatcher's resolve in the eyes of the people and also angered the Republicans
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What happened when Bobby Sands ran for MP?
He won which brought hope for a settlement and peace in Ireland but Thatcher refused to give concessions due to the hunger strikes.
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With Bobby Sands close to death what did the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland think?
Humphrey Atkins brushed it off as Sands committing suicide
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What was the British press's reaction to the government unflinching attitude?
They hailed Thatcher for her strong leadership (Tim Bell spin doctor)
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How many people lined Sands' funeral?
100,000
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During the hunger strikes how many people did the IRA kill?
13 policemen, 13 soldiers, 5 civilians & 5 Ulster Regiment Troops
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When was the Brighton Hotel Bombing?
1984
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How many people were killed?
5
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What was Thatcher's reaction
To carry on with the conference and keep ruling with an iron fist.
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What is an example of Thatcher conceding to the IRA?
In 1985 she created the Anglo Irish Agreement which gave the Irish government an advisory role in the North which angered Unionists.
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What was the FRU?
It was established in 1982 and a part of the British Army Intelligence Corps
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What was the name of the person who was a double agent of the FRU and the UDA (Ulster Defence Association)?
Brian Nelson
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When Nelson became the leader of the UDA what did he shape the UDA into?
A group that would assassinate threats within the Republican side and Catholic activists.
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Many loyalist attacks were _______ by the UDA and Nelson himself was responsible for __ murders
ignored - 30
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What did Nelson achieve between 1987 and 1988?
He managed to make a deal in South Africa to acquire, for the UDA, UVF and Ulster Resistance, AK-47's, pistols, grenades, and RPG's
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Was Thatcher's government directly complicit in these deals?
Yes
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In the three years prior to receiving these weapons the loyalist death squads killed __ people. In the three years after the shipment they killed ___
34 - 224
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When and what was Gibraltar?
1988 - Three unarmed IRA activists were shot dead
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When the British news was about to tell the public about Gibraltar what did Thatcher try to do?
She tried to stop them and was angry that they went ahead anyway.
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Later that year what did Thatcher place a broadcasting ban on?
Sinn Féin
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was Bobby Sands?

Back

Leader of the IRA

Card 3

Front

What was the 'political status' controversy around Bobby Sands?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was Thatcher's famous saying?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the historical battle between Catholics and the Conservative party?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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