Texture and melody

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  • Created by: zoe
  • Created on: 11-03-14 20:08
What does texture describe?
How much is going on in the music at any one time
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What does homophonic mean?
Different parts sing/play different notes but move together in the same rhythm
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What is homophonic also known as?
Melody and accompaniment
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What is it called when you play the notes of a chord separately?
Broken chord
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What is it called when different melodic lines weave in and out of each other?
Polyphonic
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What does canon mean?
When people sing the melody one after another
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What is meant by layered texture?
When the music is made up of layers of equally important sounds
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What happens during unison?
All the voices/instruments play the same thing at the same time
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What is the texture of a single line melody?
Monophonic
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What happens during antiphonal music?
A musical phrase is tossed between different groups of voices or instruments
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What is a melody?
A rhythmically organised pattern of single notes arranged in succession
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What are the degrees of a scale?
Tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note, tonic
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What is the distance between two different notes of a scale called?
Interval
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What does conjunct mean?
The notes in the melody move mainly by step
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How does a disjunct melody move?
By leaps
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What does a triadic melody begin with?
Notes that belong to a triad
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What is a scalic melody made up of?
Notes that follow the order of a particular scale
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What is a passing note?
A note in a melody that connects two notes that are part of the harmony
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When is an accciaccatura played?
Before the note
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What does an appoggiatura do?
Takes time out of the next note
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What do pentatonic scales have?
Five different pitches within the octave
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What is a sequence?
Where a melodic phrase is immediately repeated at a different pitch
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What happens in an inversion?
The intervals between the notes which rose/fell before now do the opposite
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What happens when you slide/glissando/portamento?
Slide from one note to another
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What is ornamentation?
The decoration or embellishment of the melodic line
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What is an ostinato?
A short rhythmic or melodic phrase or pattern that is repeated a number of times in succession
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What is the name used for ostinato in popular music?
Riff
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What does legato mean?
The notes of the melody should be played smoothly
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What does staccato mean?
The notes should be played short or detached
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What does a slur mean?
The music should be played in an unbroken, smooth, legato style
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What is a sforzando?
A sudden strong accent in the music
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What is a pitch bend?
When the note is slightly raised or lowered in pitch
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What instrument mostly uses a pitch bend?
Guitar
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What is improvisation?
When an instrument makes up new melodies and ideas whilst playing
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What is a virtuoso?
A musician who has outstanding technical ability
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does homophonic mean?

Back

Different parts sing/play different notes but move together in the same rhythm

Card 3

Front

What is homophonic also known as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is it called when you play the notes of a chord separately?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is it called when different melodic lines weave in and out of each other?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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