Textiles

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  • Created by: Rachael
  • Created on: 21-05-13 18:55
Fibres can only be staple or filamint. True or False?
True
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What are microfibres?
Very fine synthetic fibres. 100 x thinner than human hair
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What are smart fibres?
synthetic fibres that alter their properties in response to the environment or surroundings
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How are fibres turned into yarns?
Natural/synthetic fibres are spun or twisted into yarns which are woven or knitted into a fabric which is then finished
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Name 3 or more types of weaves
plain, satin, twill, pile, jaquard
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What way do weft yarns go?
left to right
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what way do warp yarns go?
up and down
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Non woven fabrics are _____ or _____
bonded or laminated
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Why are fabrics are mixed together?
to enhance the fabric's properties/apperance
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Name 3 or more type of ways to decorat textiles?
embellishment, dyeing, batik, screenprinting, embroidery, patchwork, quilting, components
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Name 3 or more types of fastenings?
zips, buckles, hook and eye, press suds, eyelets, velcro, buttons, d-strings
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Name the 3 types of fillings
wadding, kapok, foam
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Name 3 or more smart materials
kevlar, nomex, tencil, fast skin wet suit, green fibres
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What maes a smart material?
microfibres
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What is a micro-encapsulation?
a chemical inbedded in a fibre
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What is a lamminated fabric?
layers of fabrics put together
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Name 3 or more types of sticthes
plain/straight, cross, blanket, chain
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Name a conductive fabric and its job
a conductive thread sewn into a product that makes something light up
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What does thermochromis fabric do?
changes colour in response to different temperatures.
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What does photochromic fabric do?
it changes from one colour to another in response to different lighting
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What are nano materials?
Fabrics made from nano fibres or from nano fibres that have been modified using nano technology
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Nano fibres are not visably finished. True or false
True
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Why are fabric finished added to a fabric?
to change the feel, durability or apperance
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Name 3 or more physical finishes and state what they do
embossing-gives a material a pattern, brishing-gives it a fleecy finish, calendering-gives it a shiny and smooth finish
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Name 3 or more chemical finished and state how its applied
flame proofing-with a spray containing probam, waterproofing-silicone based chemical coats it, stain resistant-silicone based chemical added to the fabric which penentrates stains
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Name the 2 biological finishes and state what it does
biostoning-gives it a faded look, biopolishing-gives it a sheen look
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Whichtype of fabric is best to dye and why
synthetic fabrics because they are more absorbent
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What is nylon mostly used for?
sportswear
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Name 2 types of printing
screen or block
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What does CAD CAM stand for?
computor aided design, computor aided manufacture
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What does ICT stand for?
information communication technology
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List 3 or more advantages to using CAD
quick, can be repeated, change colourways size or design easily, more accurate, looks better, send design electronically
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List 3 or more disadvantages to using CAD
cost, reduces jobs, loose work off computors, train people to use the softwear
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List the 3 ways fibres are spun into yarns
wet spinning, dry spinning, melt spinning
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What does sub assembeley mean?
when something is made seperately but then added onto a product
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on a care label you may find the letters CE, what does it stand for?
it is the manufacturers claim that the product meets the saftey standerds, allowing it to be sold throughout Europe
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What does the lion mark on a care label stand for?
it shows that it has been made by the British toy and hobby association which agree to strict saftey, marketing and ethical guidence
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are microfibres?

Back

Very fine synthetic fibres. 100 x thinner than human hair

Card 3

Front

What are smart fibres?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How are fibres turned into yarns?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name 3 or more types of weaves

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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