Textiles Keywords

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Natural Fibres
Cotton, flax
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Manmade Fibres
Synthetic, regenerated cellulose, smart fibres
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Fibres
Spun into yarn that can be knitted or woven into fabric
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Woven Fabrics
Strong, not stretchy, frays, does not loose shape e.g Denim
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Knitted fabric
Made from loops, stretchy, looses shape, unravels easily, warm, cheap to produce
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Performance characteristics of fibres (What decides what the fabric will be made into?)
Durability, strength, elasticity, flexibility, absorbency and insulation
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Fibres can be mixed and blended
This is done before spinning, e.g polyester and cotton - Polyester cotton
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Finishing processes
Applied to improve the final appearance and feel of the fabric
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Fabric decor techniques
Methods used for pattern and decoration - Tie dye, embroidery, applique etc.
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Fixing
Makes sure the dye stays in the fabrics so it doesn't run when it's washed. It is done with heat salt or other chemicals.
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Components
Separate items added to fabrics - Buttons, zips, laps, braid, buckles
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Shaping of garments
4 main ways of shaping garments - to be the right shape to fit a body.
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CAM
Computer aided manufacture
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CAD
Computer aided Design
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Quality Control
Tests to make sure that the product is of high quality.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Synthetic, regenerated cellulose, smart fibres

Back

Manmade Fibres

Card 3

Front

Spun into yarn that can be knitted or woven into fabric

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Strong, not stretchy, frays, does not loose shape e.g Denim

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Made from loops, stretchy, looses shape, unravels easily, warm, cheap to produce

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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