Textiles key words

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Absorbent fibres/fabrics
Will soak up moisture
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Analysis
Studying something carefully to discover and evaluate its features
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Applique
A decoration made by cutting shapes out of fabric and attaching them to the top of another piece of fabric
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Batch production
The production method used to make a specific number of identical products
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Biodegradable
Something that can be broken down by bacteria and other organisms
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Blended yarns
A yarn made by combining two or more types of fibre
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Bonded fabric
A non-woven fabric made from fibres held together by glue, stitching or heat
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CAD/CAM
CAD is linked directly to CAM
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Calendering
A finish applied to fabrics using heavy heated rollers which squash the fabric, making it smooth and shiny
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Client
Someone who is paying for a service
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Components
Pre-manufactured parts that are added to fabrics to make textile products, e.g. zips, buttons
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Construction
The way something's been put together
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Consumer
A person who buys something to use it themselves
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Delicate
Easily broken or damaged material
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Design spec
A list of characteristics a product should have
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Disassembly
Taking something to pieces to see how it was put together
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Drape
How a fabric hangs or falls
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Dry cleaning
A method of cleaning fabrics using solvents instead of water
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Dye
A substance used to add colour to large areas of fabric
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Efficient production
Producing something with the minimum amount of time, energy and materials
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Elasticity
If they can be stretched and return to original shape
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Embroidery
Decorative stitching applied to a fabric by hand or machine
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Ethic and moral issues
Issues people have about whether something is write or wrong
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Evaluation
Looking at what has been done to see if you have accomplished everything you set out to do and deciding if it went right or wrong
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Fabric
A sheet of material made from yarns or fibres held together by weaving/knitting
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Felt
A non-woven fabric made by combining pressure, moisture and heat to interlock a mat of fibres
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Fibre
A thin, hair like strand, can either be spun into yarns, or used as they are to make fabrics
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Finish
A treatment applied to fabric at end of manufacture to give it beneficial qualities
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Finite resources
Will eventually run out
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Fit for purpose
Must do the job it was designed to do
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Flammability
How easily something catches fire
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Garment
A piece of clothing
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Gutta
A resist used in silk painting
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Haberdasher
Someone who sells buttons, zips and other small things for sewing
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Industrial production
Large scale production by companies
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Interfacing
A layer of fabric hidden inside a textile product to give strength, stability or support to an area
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Knitted fabric
A fabric made from yarns held together by interlocking loopsq
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Lamination
Sticking together two or more layers of fabric in order to produce a fabric with better properties
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Landfill
Rubbish buried in the ground
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Lay plan
Shows you how to position pieces on fabric the most efficient way
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Lining
A layer of fabric on inside of something
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Loom
A machine for weaving yarns into fabric
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Manual process
Doing something by hand
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Manufacturing spec
Tells a manufacturer exactly how to make a product
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Marketable
A marketable product is one that's in demand - it should sell well
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Mass production
Used to produce a large number of identical products using a production line
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Mechanical process
Using a machine to do something
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Micro-encapsulation
Process of embedding small amounts of chemicals in a fabric to give the fabric beneficial products
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Microfibres
Really thin synthetic fibres, up to 100 times thinner than a human hair
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Mixed fabric
Been made using more than one type of yarn
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Motifs
Small fabric badges that are sewn onto fabric to add decoration
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Nanomaterial
Fabrics that have been made from nano fibres (very very thin fibres)
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One-off production
Making a single, unique product
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Organic fibres
Fibres from crops grown without using man-made pesticides, herbicides and fertilisers
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Overlocker
A type of sewing machine that trims the fabric edge and encases it in thread
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Photo chromatic dyes
Dyes that change colour in response to changes in light conditions
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Polymer
A long chain of small molecules joined end to end. They can be used to make synthetic fibres
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Prototype
A full scale model of a design used to test things like size, shape and manufacturing methods
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Quality assurance
System that is set up to make sure that high quality products are produced
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Quality control
Checks are carried out on materials and products before, during and after production to make sure that standards are being met 1
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Regenerated fibres
Made from natural materials, which are treated with chemicals to produce fibres
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Resist
Something which prevents dye from reaching parts of a fabric
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Resources
Things that you need to make something
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Risk assessment
Identifying the potential hazards at each stage of production and the precautions which need to be taken to minimise risks
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Smart fabric
A fabric which changes it properties in response to its surroundings
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Squeegee
A tool used in screen printing to spread printing ink and force it through the screen
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Staple fibre
A short fibre, e.g. cotton fibres are staple fibres
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Sub-assembly
A separate line of manufacture which runs at the same time as the main production line, and eventually feeds into it
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Sustainable
Can be used without causing permanent damage to the environment or using up finite resources
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Synthetic
Something that is entirely man-made
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Thermochromic dyes
Dyes that change colour in response to changes in temp
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Tolerance
The margin of error allowed for a measurement for a part of a product
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Toxic
Describes something that is harmful to living creatures
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Trimmings
Components such as laces, ribbons, braid, lace ect..
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Upholstery
Used to cover and cushion, such as sofa covers and stuffings
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Versatile
Something that is suitable for lots of different uses
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Woven fabric
A fabric made by interlacing two sets of yarns together
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Yarn
A thread made by twisting fibres together
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Woven fabric
A fabric made by interlacing two sets of yarns together
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Yarn
A thread made by twisting fibres together
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Studying something carefully to discover and evaluate its features

Back

Analysis

Card 3

Front

A decoration made by cutting shapes out of fabric and attaching them to the top of another piece of fabric

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The production method used to make a specific number of identical products

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Something that can be broken down by bacteria and other organisms

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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