Textiles fabric finishes & smart + modern

a smart material is defined as one which is able to react to external stimulus/ changes in the environment without human intervention
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a modern material has been engineered to have high tech properties but the material doesn't change in response to stimulus
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fast skin
stream line, aero dynamic reduces friction. based on shark skin
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neoprene fabric that mimics the way a plant passes water vapour from inside a leaf into the atmosphere. this removes perspiration and keeps the body at an even temperature. thus maintaining a personal micro climate
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nano technology
fabrics treated with nano-particles coating produce materials that kill bacteria, eliminates moisture on odour, and prevent static electricity. the coating when applied form a surface of tiny, hair like structures.
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photo chromic
this changes colour in sunlight.it can be used to monitor how long children are in the sun.
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thermochormic colour
this fabric changes colour by heat, they can be used for fun things such as T-shirts. sometimes they are used for safety such as in baby grows to check a babies temperature
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these are fabrics which have medicine, scent and repellent embedded in them. example- plaster with medicin, tissues, pants, pillow
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memory foam
this is also pressure response fabric. it moulds to the shapes of your body and returns to its original shape after.
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phosphorescent pigment
this is a fabric which can glow in the dark
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pressure response (d30)
this is a pressure response fabric. it hardens on impact. it is used for a lot of protective gear such as helmets or knee pads
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electronic textiles
electronic components can be added to textiles. example include- bags with solar panels, heats ski boots suit jacket, ipod controller, LED's in dresses, T-shirts - noise (picture that light up)
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water proof, breathable fabrics membrane. it is able to repel liquid water while allowing water vapour to pass trough
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5 times stronger then steel, it also has advantages of being lightweight as well as flame and chemical resistant.
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is highly fire and chemical retardant as well as being lightweight, strong and good for electrical insulator
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60 to 100 time finer than a human hair. they can be blended with synthetic or natural fibres and are used for clothing for outdoor pursuits and active sportswear. thermoplastic polyester or nylon micro-fibres can be heat-treated,
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this mimics transpiration in plants it is used for knee supports. it maintains a perfect micro-climate
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this fabric wicks away moisture from the body to help keep you cool. it is used mattress, sportswear and underwear.
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high viability
this fabric uses glass bead technology to reflect a light source back to a persons eye so that it can be seen in the dark.
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a fluorochemical finish satin repellent.
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dope/spin dyeing
dye is added to the spin solution before man-made fibres are spun together, good light and wash fastness
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stock dyeing
loose fibres are dyed before they are spun into yarns cheap to achieve. imperfections can be hidden in the spinning process
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yarn dyeing
yarns are dyed before they are made into a fabric special effect can be created such as stripes/ checks
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piece dyeing
woven/ knitted fabrics are dyed in one piece cheapest method. affects such as tie dye can be achieved
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garment dyeing
made up garments are dyed as required. colour can be applied last minute to meet trends. special effects can be placed on particular parts of the garment i.e. dip dyeing
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goes through a brushing machine to get the best finish. raising fabrics surface treated sharp teeth. ad- warm dis-weakness fabric
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stretches fabric out so it goes nice and soft. passes through several rolls that are heated. improves hand smooth silk touch.
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stretch fanric but the rollers have a pattern so it leaves a pattern once rolled.
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heat setting
for thermoplastic fabrics, the fabrics are set in permanent shape of pleats, gathers using steam.
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sanforization with cotton stretching, shrinking and fixing the woven cloth in both length and width, before cutting and producing tho reduce the shrinkage which would other wise occur after washing.
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to linen fabric and to cotton fabric. produce hard, flat surface high luster less pours. it dampened would around an iron cylinder passed through machine it is pounded with heavy wooden mallet
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stone and sand washing
it gives and aged look and makes denim softer and more flexible they use to use stones and sand but now us perlite
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water repellency
not good as goretex. used with breathable fabrics such as goretex. chemical finish i pured
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stain resistance
can be a spray able. nano technology make thing wicked of fabric to repel stains. treated acid -baked
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flame resistant
chemical coating provide protection. chemical reacting by producing non-combustible gases that prohibits spread of fibre. proban
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range of specialized antristre fibre lubricant for the woolen and semi worsted system
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preigon moth proofing agent. -per-metering based moth proofing -spray of foam mostly wool fibres
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hygienic (sanitized)
applied to fabric surface to slow sown the growth of bacteria. they control odours in sport shoes and reduce infection in medical products/
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crease resistant
cotton and viscose fabric are given a crease-resistant finish using a rash. this makes them easy care. the dry fast and smooth and need little ironing.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2




a modern material has been engineered to have high tech properties but the material doesn't change in response to stimulus

Card 3


fast skin


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4




Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


nano technology


Preview of the front of card 5
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