Textiles - fibres

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What is a fibre?
Units that can be spun into a yarn or made into a fabric by various methods including weaving, knitting, braiding, felting, and twisting.
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What is a natural fibre?
A fibre which is either animal or plant based. Main animal based fibres are wool and silk.
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What is a synthetic fibre?
Man made fibres from oil based by-products. E.g. Acrylic and polymide.
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What is a micro fibre?
Fine synthetic fibres e.g. Polyester and nylon. They are 60-100 times finer than a human hair. Used for outdoor/active sportswear.
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What is a re-generated fibre?
Created from a combination of chemicals and cellulose waste e.g. Viscose and tencel.
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What is a yarn?
Fibres that have been twisted into long lengths and are wound onto spools or cones. They are made by spinning and twisting fibres together. Too little twist makes a yarn hard and too little twist makes a weak yarn, commonly used in soft knitting.
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What is a filament?
A slender thread - like object or fibre, found in animal or plant structures.
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TPI
Meaning Twist Per Inch
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what is melage?
Two mixed colours of fabric spun/twisted together.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A fibre which is either animal or plant based. Main animal based fibres are wool and silk.

Back

What is a natural fibre?

Card 3

Front

Man made fibres from oil based by-products. E.g. Acrylic and polymide.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Fine synthetic fibres e.g. Polyester and nylon. They are 60-100 times finer than a human hair. Used for outdoor/active sportswear.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Created from a combination of chemicals and cellulose waste e.g. Viscose and tencel.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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