Test History 1951-64

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Clause in the Labour Party constitution which committed it to nationalisation
Clause 4
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Name given by the press to Macmillan’s Cabinet reshuffle in 1962
The night of the Long Knives
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Treaty which established the EEC
The Treaty of Rome
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New name for the British Empire to reflect shift in power to former colonies
Commonwealth
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Youth movement named after the fashions of Edward VII
The Edwardian Teddy Boy
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Exam taken by primary school children to decide which type of secondary school they should attend
eleven-plus
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Automatic conscription of youth mean for two years’ military service between 1947 and 1960
National Service Act
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Britain’s partners in the attack on Egypt during the Suez crisis
France
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Serious race riots took place in this area of London in 1958
Nottinghill Race riots
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CND
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament- Founded in 1958 to agitate for unilateral nuclear disarmament, it was dominated from the first by left wingers
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EFTA
European Free Trade Association- Formed by a number of countries including Britain, Norway and Sweden to have free trade within Europe
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NIC
National Insurance Company- Company designed for insurance
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IMF
International Monetary Fund- A scheme intended to prevent countries going bankrupt. It began operating in 1947 and by 1990 it had been joined by over 150 countries- each member states deposited into a central fund from which it coulddrawintimeofneed
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EEC
European Economic Community- Its aim was to bring about economic integration, including a common market, among its six founding members: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany.
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NEDC
National Economic Development Council- a corporatist economic planning forum set up in the 1962 in the United Kingdom to bring together management, trades unions and government in an attempt to address Britain's relative economic decline.
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TUC
Trade Union Congress- A group that supported Trade Unions
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TGWU
Transport and General Workers Union- A Trade Union to help general workers
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R&D
Research and Development- Economic research and development provide the means of industrial growth
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NATO
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation- A defensive alliance formed in 1949 by 10 Western European countries as a safeguard against Soviet expansion. The USA eagerly accepted the invitation to join
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GDP
Gross Domestic Product- The annual total value of goods produced and services provided in Britain
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Prime Minister 1945-1951
Attlee
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Leader of the Labour Party from 1955-63
Gaitskell
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Known as the ‘best Prime Minister the Conservatives never had’
Macmillan
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Leader of the TUC from 1956 advocating strike action, later member of the Labour government after 1964
Wilfred Blackwell Beard
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Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer who was removed from office in the Night of the Long Knives
Selwyn Lloyd
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Prime Minister following Churchill
Attlee then Eden
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Conservative Party leader who lost the 1964 general election
Alec Douglas-Home
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French President who blocked British entry to the EEC
John De Gaulle
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Was Housing Minister and Foreign Secretary before becoming Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
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President of Egypt at the time of the Suez crisis
Gamal Abdel Nasser
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The Defence Secretary at the centre of the Scandal which brought down Macmillan
John Profumo
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Leader of the Labour Party from 1963
Harold Wilson
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Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer during the 1957 financial crisis who proposed limitations on wage increases and drastic government spending cuts
Peter Thorneycroft
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Leader of the Labour Left in the 1950s, architect of the NHS
Aneurin Bevan
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Minister with special responsibility for negotiating Britain’s entry to the EEC in 1961
Edward Heath
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The General election when Churchill became PM again
1951- Labour seemed weak, good Conservative propaganda campaign
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British application to join the EEC was rejected
1963, 1967- De Gaulle wanted France to be the leaders of Europe and didn’t want Britain to take control
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Conservatives won a general election victory under Macmillan
1957- Eden resigned as PM after Suez, Conservatives not rocked by Suez- M went on to give ‘winds of change speech’
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The Suez Crisis
1956- Nasser not please by British rule in Egypt, caused Britain to see that they did not have full loyalty from the US
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Resignation of Macmillan as PM
1963- Conservatives rocked by a series of scandals e.g. Profumo affair
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Independence granted to Ghana- the first African colony to win this from Britain
1957- Caused Rush of others. Nigeria and Cyprus in 1960. Sierra Leone in 1961. Uganda in 1962 and Kenya in 1963.
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Mixed economy
A mixed economy is an economic system in which both the private sector and state direct the economy, reflecting characteristics of both market economies and planned economies.
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Stop-Go economics
Derived its name from the tensions between an expanding economy, with low interest rates and rising consumer spending (‘go’) and the results of the economy over-heating, with wages and imports exceeding productivity and exports, nenecessitating a
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(continued)
deliberate slowing down, or deflating of the economy (‘stop’) through higher interest rates and spending cuts
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Balance of payments deficit
a situation in which imports of goods, services, investment income and transfers exceed the exports of goods, services, investment income and transfers.
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Cold war
The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact)
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Decolonisation
the undoing of colonialism, where a nation establishes and maintains dependent territory (courial governments).
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Butskellism
the moderately satirical term used in British politics to refer to the political consensus formed in the 1950s and associated with the exercise of office as Chancellor of the Exchequer by Rab Butler-Conservative Party and Hugh Gaitskell-Labour Party
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Keynesianism
The idea of lowering taxes for the rich as they will feed into the economy by employing the working class- derived by John Keynes
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“Indeed let us be frank about it - most of our people have never had it so good.”
Harold Macmillan- In terms of talking of the economic boom
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name given by the press to Macmillan’s Cabinet reshuffle in 1962

Back

The night of the Long Knives

Card 3

Front

Treaty which established the EEC

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

New name for the British Empire to reflect shift in power to former colonies

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Youth movement named after the fashions of Edward VII

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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