Terminology

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demand characteristic:
cues in an experiment that reveal information to participants about the aim and expected outcome, thereby influencing their behavior and subsequently confounding the results.
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determinism:
the assumption that all behaviour has specific causes.
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dispositional attribution
when behavior is attributed to internal factors that are directly controllable by a person, e.g. an individuals effort or ability, as opposed to external factors (situational attributions), such as the weather or bad luck
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dopamine hypothesis
argues that schizophrenia is based on over-activity of synapses that depend on dopamine.
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double-bind theory
a theory of schizophrenia proposed by Bateson, which argues that faulty communication patterns within the family contribute to the onset of schizophrenia.
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schedule of reinforcement:
in operant conditioning, sequence of presenting and withholding reinforcement.
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self-efficacy:
an individual's belief in ability and performance on a task or in a situation.
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social desirability:
either behaving in a way to bring social approval from others, or responding in a self-evaluative situation (e.g. interview, questionnaire) to present ourselves in a way that reveals more socially desirable characteristics (whilst potentially hiding
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stimulus
in general, any event, situation, object or factor that may affect behaviour; in the behaviourist approach, a stimulus must be a measurable change in the environment.
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reasoning:
is the mental (cognitive) process of looking for reasons for beliefs, conclusions, actions or feelings.
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Card 2

Front

the assumption that all behaviour has specific causes.

Back

determinism:

Card 3

Front

when behavior is attributed to internal factors that are directly controllable by a person, e.g. an individuals effort or ability, as opposed to external factors (situational attributions), such as the weather or bad luck

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

argues that schizophrenia is based on over-activity of synapses that depend on dopamine.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a theory of schizophrenia proposed by Bateson, which argues that faulty communication patterns within the family contribute to the onset of schizophrenia.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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