Terminology

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High Angle Shot
A high angle shot is a shot from a high angle, usually looking down on a character. Connotes weakness.
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Low Angle Shot
A low angle shot is a shot from a low angle, usually looking up at a character. It infers that the character is powerful.
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Close Up
A close up of the object, usually of a face to show emotion.
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Medium Shot
A shot about waist high. Usually used to show context of a character whilst limiting the surroundings.
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Establishing Shot
The opening shot a scene, usually a wide angle shot to provide context. However, can be different in order to connote a different meaning, such as to create enigma.
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Tracking Shot
A shot used to track a character, usually used to connote speed or movement.
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Pan Shot
A pan shot is when the camera changes direction during the shot, usually to pan towards a group or object being spoken about/ to provide context. Can create pace.
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Tilt
In which a shot is physically tilted, used to connote danger. Often accompanied by a hand held shot ot further accentuate this idea.
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Zoom
A zoom shot is when the camera zooms into the object or character, usually central to discussion. Can be used to provide context or to create enigma.
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Hand Held
In which a shot is hand held, this creates a jittery shot which connotes danger or engima, often used in conjunction with a tilt shot.
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Continuity
Continuity is when a franchise carries on a plot from a previous movie. It can also be used to describe differing scenes within the same text.
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Dis-Continuity
When a different idea is explored, or when previous ideas are ignored. Usually used to create enigma.
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Slow Motion
In which the video slows down. Used to show detail and often in fight scenes to show skill.
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Contrast
Contrast means differing ideas, or a juxtaposition. It can also refer to differing techniques, such as low and high key lighting to symbolise good and evil.
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Colour
Colour is used to show dynamics. Black and white can be used to suggest the past.
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Cross Narrative/ Cross Cutting
Where two or more narrative stories intertwine.
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Transition
A transition is the cut inbetween each shot. Examples include the legendary fade to black.
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Effect
An effect is used to empahsise certain characteristics, usually CGI based to include emphasised explosions for instance.
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Match Cut
A match cut is quickly based cuts, usually used to create speed and pace amongst the scene.
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180 Degree rule
In which the interviewer and interviewee are presented 180 degrees apart, as if they were facing each other. Usually the interviewer is on the left to connote power and presence.
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Clothing, Props, Location/Setting, Actors, Lighting(Low/Medium/High)
A part of the mise en scene, what makes up the shot and what it connotes.
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Diegetic
Sound which would exist in the world of the film. Such as footsteps. This can stil be emphasised through the use of Foley.
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Non-Diegetic
Sound which would not exist in the world of the film. Such as music, added in afterwards.
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Music
Music can be used to connote a wide range of different ideas.
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Foley
Foley is realistic sound settings based on the real world of the film, such as recorded footsteps.
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ADR
A laugh track. Used to connote satire.
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Mode of address
The way a text addresses its audience.
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Post Modern
Post modern refers to a modern way of thinking or doing something.
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Genre
The conventions to which a text considers. For instance Horrow movies will be gory and violent.
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Hybrid Genre
A hybrid genre is a text which crosses over multiple genres, for instance the romantic comedy genre.
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Protagonist
'The Good guy'. Usually contrasts with the antagonist.
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Antagonist
'The Bad guy'. Usually contrasts with the protagonist.
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Anchorage
Text which gives a picture meaning.
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Intertextuality
Intertexuality refers to one text refers to another text within it.
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Desensitisation
Desensitisation refers to the theory and and general idea that being exposed to something violent will make you become use to the violence.
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Juxtaposition
Juxtaposition refers to 2 contrasting things. Such as the phrase "Pretty ugly". Although usually used to refer to contrasting characters or themes.
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Hypersexualised
Refers to something being overly sexualised, or being used for their sex appeal/looks.
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Binary opposites
Binary opposites refers to two very contrasting characters.
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Demographic
A texts demographic is it's target audience. This can include young male adults for instance.
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Representation
How something is represented/presented.
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Two Step Flow theory
Two step flow refers to an opinion leader telling those who respect them about a text. This can include friends through the likes of social media.
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Uses and Gratifications theory
Uses and gratifications theory suggests that we use a text for entertainment. This can include knowledge,entertainment and social amongst other things.
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Copycat theory
Children imparticular imitate adults and role models.
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Dyers Utopia
Dyers utopia theory suggests that we use texts to escape from the mundanity of everyday life.
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Todorovs narrative theory
Todorovs narrative theory starts with an equlibrium, then it is disrupted. By the end of the text, a new equlibrium has been restored.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Low Angle Shot

Back

A low angle shot is a shot from a low angle, usually looking up at a character. It infers that the character is powerful.

Card 3

Front

Close Up

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Medium Shot

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Establishing Shot

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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