Tectonic Hazard in an LEDC: Montserrat

HideShow resource information
Background - Where is Montserrat?
Montserrat is in the Caribbean
1 of 19
Background - what was its original population (1994)?
12,000
2 of 19
Background - What is the name of the volcano in Montserrat?
Soufriere Hills
3 of 19
Background - when did the eruption occur?
volcano erupted between 1995 and 1997
4 of 19
Background - what was the status of the volcano?
Dormant
5 of 19
Causes - what type of plate boundary is Montserrat on?
Montserrat is on a destructive plate boundary between the South American Plate and Caribbean plate
6 of 19
Causes - what type of volcano is Soufriere Hills?
Soufriere hills is a composite volcano, fro layers of ash and lava from previous eruptions
7 of 19
Causes - which plate subducts beneath the other?
the south american plate subducts beneath the caribbean plate.
8 of 19
Short term effects - how many people died?
23 people died in the 1997 eruption
9 of 19
Short term effects - what fraction of the island was deemed uninhabitable, due to ash?
over 2/3 of the island was covered in ash,
10 of 19
Short term effects - what % of housing was destroyed?
60% of housing was destroyed
11 of 19
Short term effects - what where 5 other short term impacts of the eruption?
people where forced to move out of the capital city plymouth, pyroclastic flows burned buildings and trees, there was a lack of clean water and sewage facilities, there where no hospitals and few schools remained open.
12 of 19
Long term effects - how many people left the island?
8000 people left the island
13 of 19
Long term effects - how many people remained on the island?
4000 people remained on the island
14 of 19
Long term effects - what where three long term effects caused by ash and the eruption?
farming was made impossible, the tourist industry collapsed, and coral reefs died as ash washed into the sea
15 of 19
Management - what did the uk Government do?
the UK gave compensation to the citizens of Montserrat and allowed them to easily move back to the UK. However many said it was not enough and preferred to move to other caribbean islands.
16 of 19
Management - why where the UK government so concerned for the people of Monserrat?
Monserrat is part of the British colony and all citizens are citizens of the UK
17 of 19
Management - what was created to help keep people safe?
an evacuation zone was created, only 1/4 in the north of the island is deemed safe.
18 of 19
Management - what was created to monitor future eruptions.
the Monserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO) monitors the volcano.
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Background - what was its original population (1994)?

Back

12,000

Card 3

Front

Background - What is the name of the volcano in Montserrat?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Background - when did the eruption occur?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Background - what was the status of the volcano?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Rock landscapes and processes resources »