Tectonic Hazards - Montserrat

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What was the name of the hills on which the eruption occured?
the Sofriere Hills, south of Chances Peakw
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What is the GDP of Montserrat?
$2400
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How long did the continuious flows last?
1995-1997
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How many million cubic metres of lava came down in the form of pyroclastic flows?
4-5 million cubic metres of lava in the form of pyroclastic flows
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How hot, and how fast did the pyroclastic flows travel?
600 celsius and 120km/h
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What made the south side of the island uninhabitatble?
Huge lahars which completely covered the south side
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What other types of hazards occured?
Contaminated water & fires and landslides
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How many people died?
23 people
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How many settlements were completly destoryed?
17 settlements
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how many metres of mud and ash was the former capital Plymouth covered in?
12m of mud and ash
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What was the population before and after the eruption?
12,000 v 5,000
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Why was there harsh living conditions in the North?
Very poorly developed compared to the south
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Why were many left with nothing?
They had to leave everything behind
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What two facilities were closed?
The port & airport
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Why was the loss of agriculture such a huge hit?
Many people relied on subsitence agriculture, now they cant?
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What did Plymouth become?
A ghost town
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Why was there slight pulse in tourism?
People were visiting to witness the destruction the volcano casued
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What fraction of the island was covered in ash
2/3
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What caused the soil to bake hard?
The extreme heat of the lava
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What other environmental issues occured?
Forest fires + polluted air
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How many people were evacuated North?
5000 people
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Who were brought in to monitor the volcano?
Foreign scientists & geologists brought in to monitor the volcano
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What piece of infomation was regularly updated?
Weather reports
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how many citizens were evacuated to the UK & Antigua
Around 4,000 people
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What map was created as a result of the eruption?
A hazard map, to highlight the most prone areas
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how much money was supplied by the UK to Montserrat to help develop the North?
£41 million
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What facility was established to help monitor the volcano?
The Montserrat Volcano Observatory
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the GDP of Montserrat?

Back

$2400

Card 3

Front

How long did the continuious flows last?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many million cubic metres of lava came down in the form of pyroclastic flows?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How hot, and how fast did the pyroclastic flows travel?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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