Technological Leapfrogging Examples

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In the Maldives, what technology do they now use?
Solar powered, off-grid water-pumping and purification system
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How much water can each unit produce every day?
132 gallons from a single 100 watt photovoltaic solar panel
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Why does the Maldives need this?
Brackish water poses risks to the health of many on Maldive's 200 inhibited islands
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Name the project and explain it that's an example of technological leapfrogging in Kenya.
Craftskills Enterprises, which is low-cost small-scale out of waste materials; formed by two local men. This is an example of appropriate technology.
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Name three examples of waste materials used to build the turbines.
Wood, fibreglass, scrap metal
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What does each turbine fuel?
A battery-pack 'generator'
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How many homes can these turbines power?
10
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What technology in the Philippines has been introduced?
Micro-hydro power plants
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Why are these micro-hydro power plants needed?
There are 10,000 villages in the Philippines that aren't reached by the country's national grid.
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How will these micro-hydro power plants help to solve this problem?
They don't require massive dams and can by operated by the local community and so are an example of appropriate technology.
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What is the name of potentially the world's first "leapfrog city"?
Rizhao in China
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Why is Rizhao considered to be a "leapfrog city"?
Since 2001, the city's administration has worked to mainstream clean energy
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Name 3 examples of clean energy technology in which Rizhao has adopted?
Solar water heaters on the rooftops of 99% of all buildings, solar cookers in kitchens and more than 15,000 homes are fitted with systems to generate marsh gas from agricultural waste water (the gas replaces coal)
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Give two examples of how mobile technology has benefited Africa.
Farmers in Senegal can double the prices of their crops because of mobile phones and herders in Angola can locate their cattle through GPS (Global Positioning System)
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In a survey conducted by Vodafone in 2005, what percentage of small nusinesses surveyed in South Africa and Egypt, attributed profit increase to mobile phone usage?
At least 50%
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In the same survey by Vodafone, what percentage of respondents in Tanzania and South Africa experienced improvements in contact relationships?
More than 75%
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Name one possible political reason why only 1% of the population of Afghanistan have land lines.
In 1979, there was a Russian invasion in which many landmines were scattered across Afghanistan.
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Now Afghanistan has leapfrogged to wireless mobile technology, what percentage of the population are covered by a mobile telephone signal?
72%
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What was the name of Afghanistan's largest mobile provider and in 2008, how many mobile subscribers did it have?
Roshan and 2 million
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Give the figures to the number of mobile phones per 1,000 people in India for the years 2000 and 2007.
2000= 3.5 and 2007=230
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What are 3 possible reasons that have contributed to India's leapfrogging to mobile phone technology?
Lack of competition against landline networks, batteries to charge mobile phones where there's no electricity and the major expansion of networks into the untapped rural market.
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Card 2

Front

How much water can each unit produce every day?

Back

132 gallons from a single 100 watt photovoltaic solar panel

Card 3

Front

Why does the Maldives need this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the project and explain it that's an example of technological leapfrogging in Kenya.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name three examples of waste materials used to build the turbines.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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