TB4 P&C Lecture 1; Structures of memory

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 26-04-15 20:18

1. What did the case study of HM show?

  • Evidence for anterograde amnesia
  • That STM and LTM can be damaged independently
  • Different brain regions are important for memory, of which there are different types
  • Evidence for retrograde amnesia
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2. What is proactive interference

  • The tendency for previously learned recall to disrupt the recall of new information
  • When concious processes such as speech interfere with the recall of information
  • The tendency for new information to disrupt the recall of previously learned information
  • Interference caused by external stimuli e.g/ a loud sound

3. Which tasks did amnesiac pps perform best at?

  • Recognition
  • Explicit memory tasks
  • Implicit memory tasks, at a similar level to the controls
  • Free recall tasks

4. What is the digit span of STM?

  • 5 digits
  • It has no digit span
  • 7+-2 digits
  • 9 digits

5. What is retrograde amnesia?

  • Having impaired LTM for past and future events
  • The inability to form new, explicit long term memories, resulting from hippocampal damage
  • The disruption of memories from the past, especially episodic memory
  • The inability as adults to remember information prior to 3 years old, due to incomplete hippocampal development


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