TB4 P&C Lecture 1; Structures of memory

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 26-04-15 20:18

1. What happens easily to memories in STM (MSM model)

  • They are easily rehearsed
  • They are sensitive to interruption and displacement due to limited capacity, attention needed.
  • They are easily transferred to LTM with attention
  • They are easily moveable from sensory to LT memory
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2. What is the serial position effect?

  • Items with a longer digit length are hardest to recall from a list due to the capacity of STM
  • It is hardest to recall items from the middle of the list, due to primacy and recency effects
  • It is easier to recall items from the end as they were last studied
  • It is easier to recall info at the start as first items are studied the most

3. What is eyewitness transference?

  • The face is familiar, but the situation remembered in is incorrect
  • A failure to encode faces
  • There is familiarity of a face but no real memory
  • There is no familiarity and no memory of a face

4. What are the two types of LTM?

  • Semantic memory (impersonal facts and everyday knowledge), Episodic memory (Personal experiences linked with specific times and places)
  • Episodic memory (impersonal facts and everyday knowledge), Semantic memory (Personal experiences linked with specific times and places)
  • Explicit memory (factual knowledge + personal exp.) and Implicit memory (Long term memories of conditioned responses+learned skills
  • Explicit memory (Long term memories of conditioned responses and learned skills), Implicit memory (factual knowledge and personal experiences)

5. What is proactive interference

  • When concious processes such as speech interfere with the recall of information
  • The tendency for new information to disrupt the recall of previously learned information
  • The tendency for previously learned recall to disrupt the recall of new information
  • Interference caused by external stimuli e.g/ a loud sound

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