TB4 P&C Lecture 1; Structures of memory

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 26-04-15 20:18

1. What is the serial position effect?

  • Items with a longer digit length are hardest to recall from a list due to the capacity of STM
  • It is hardest to recall items from the middle of the list, due to primacy and recency effects
  • It is easier to recall items from the end as they were last studied
  • It is easier to recall info at the start as first items are studied the most
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What did the case study of HM show?

  • Different brain regions are important for memory, of which there are different types
  • Evidence for retrograde amnesia
  • Evidence for anterograde amnesia
  • That STM and LTM can be damaged independently

3. What are the two types of LTM?

  • Episodic memory (impersonal facts and everyday knowledge), Semantic memory (Personal experiences linked with specific times and places)
  • Explicit memory (factual knowledge + personal exp.) and Implicit memory (Long term memories of conditioned responses+learned skills
  • Semantic memory (impersonal facts and everyday knowledge), Episodic memory (Personal experiences linked with specific times and places)
  • Explicit memory (Long term memories of conditioned responses and learned skills), Implicit memory (factual knowledge and personal experiences)

4. Which of these is a major reason for forgetting memories in LTM?

  • Retrieval failure
  • Overload of information due to large capacity
  • Lack of attention
  • Similar co-occuring information

5. What is proactive interference

  • When concious processes such as speech interfere with the recall of information
  • The tendency for new information to disrupt the recall of previously learned information
  • The tendency for previously learned recall to disrupt the recall of new information
  • Interference caused by external stimuli e.g/ a loud sound

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