TB4 P&C Lecture 1; Structures of memory

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 26-04-15 20:18

1. What is the serial position effect?

  • It is hardest to recall items from the middle of the list, due to primacy and recency effects
  • It is easier to recall info at the start as first items are studied the most
  • It is easier to recall items from the end as they were last studied
  • Items with a longer digit length are hardest to recall from a list due to the capacity of STM
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2. What is proactive interference

  • When concious processes such as speech interfere with the recall of information
  • The tendency for previously learned recall to disrupt the recall of new information
  • Interference caused by external stimuli e.g/ a loud sound
  • The tendency for new information to disrupt the recall of previously learned information

3. Which of these is a major reason for forgetting memories in LTM?

  • Similar co-occuring information
  • Overload of information due to large capacity
  • Retrieval failure
  • Lack of attention

4. What is the digit span of STM?

  • It has no digit span
  • 9 digits
  • 7+-2 digits
  • 5 digits

5. Which tasks did amnesiac pps perform best at?

  • Recognition
  • Implicit memory tasks, at a similar level to the controls
  • Free recall tasks
  • Explicit memory tasks

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