1. What is proactive interference
- Interference caused by external stimuli e.g/ a loud sound
- The tendency for previously learned recall to disrupt the recall of new information
- The tendency for new information to disrupt the recall of previously learned information
- When concious processes such as speech interfere with the recall of information
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2. What are the two types of LTM?
- Episodic memory (impersonal facts and everyday knowledge), Semantic memory (Personal experiences linked with specific times and places)
- Explicit memory (factual knowledge + personal exp.) and Implicit memory (Long term memories of conditioned responses+learned skills
- Semantic memory (impersonal facts and everyday knowledge), Episodic memory (Personal experiences linked with specific times and places)
- Explicit memory (Long term memories of conditioned responses and learned skills), Implicit memory (factual knowledge and personal experiences)
3. What is retrograde amnesia?
- Having impaired LTM for past and future events
- The inability to form new, explicit long term memories, resulting from hippocampal damage
- The disruption of memories from the past, especially episodic memory
- The inability as adults to remember information prior to 3 years old, due to incomplete hippocampal development
4. What did the case study of HM show?
- Evidence for anterograde amnesia
- Different brain regions are important for memory, of which there are different types
- Evidence for retrograde amnesia
- That STM and LTM can be damaged independently
5. What is the serial position effect?
- It is hardest to recall items from the middle of the list, due to primacy and recency effects
- Items with a longer digit length are hardest to recall from a list due to the capacity of STM
- It is easier to recall info at the start as first items are studied the most
- It is easier to recall items from the end as they were last studied