TB4 P&C Lecture 1; Structures of memory

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 26-04-15 20:18

1. What is retrograde amnesia?

  • The inability as adults to remember information prior to 3 years old, due to incomplete hippocampal development
  • Having impaired LTM for past and future events
  • The disruption of memories from the past, especially episodic memory
  • The inability to form new, explicit long term memories, resulting from hippocampal damage
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2. What did the case study of HM show?

  • That STM and LTM can be damaged independently
  • Evidence for retrograde amnesia
  • Different brain regions are important for memory, of which there are different types
  • Evidence for anterograde amnesia

3. Which tasks did amnesiac pps perform best at?

  • Free recall tasks
  • Recognition
  • Implicit memory tasks, at a similar level to the controls
  • Explicit memory tasks

4. Define temporary modality-specific storage

  • How long memories stay in sensory memory (a fraction of a second)
  • A basic property of sensory memory, each sense has a seperate store (iconic, haptic etc.)
  • Another word for Short term memory (STM)
  • The duration of memories in storage (STM limited, LTM infinite)

5. What is eyewitness transference?

  • The face is familiar, but the situation remembered in is incorrect
  • There is familiarity of a face but no real memory
  • There is no familiarity and no memory of a face
  • A failure to encode faces

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