1. What is one way to decide what a basic emotion is?
- Distinguishable due to the innateness of the response
- A distinctive signal that others can universally categorise
- The degree to which there is appropriate physiological arousal associated with the state
- A distinctive signal which can vary cross-culturally
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2. Which theory does evidence using beta blockers, botox and depression and forced smiling (joke) paradigm support?
- James-lange theory
- Cannon-bard theory
3. Which of these is not a key aspect of emotion?
- Covert expressions of emotion such as galvanic skin response and zygomaticus reflex
- Overt expressions of emotion e.g smiles, frown, grief to communicate with others
- Cognitive components of concious experience (and unconcious)
- Physiological components e.g body states
4. What is the role of the Orbitofrontal cortex?
- Processing emotional aspects of pain. Detecting errors which evoke negative emotions e.g anger & frustration to avoid in future. Emotional conflict.
- Reinforcing behaviour (primary and secondary reinforcers)
- Computing variable motivational values of rewards. Computing regret if reward is less than what we hoped.
- Rapid visual input from thalamus. Quickly detects threat prior to concious assessment.
- Encoding disgust. Bodily sensations
5. Who proposed the 6 basic emotions?