TB9 P&C Lecture 1; Cognition and Emotion

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 19-04-16 12:30

1. What is one way to decide what a basic emotion is?

  • Distinguishable due to the innateness of the response
  • A distinctive signal that others can universally categorise
  • The degree to which there is appropriate physiological arousal associated with the state
  • A distinctive signal which can vary cross-culturally
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2. Which theory does evidence using beta blockers, botox and depression and forced smiling (joke) paradigm support?

  • James-lange theory
  • Cannon-bard theory

3. Which of these is not a key aspect of emotion?

  • Covert expressions of emotion such as galvanic skin response and zygomaticus reflex
  • Overt expressions of emotion e.g smiles, frown, grief to communicate with others
  • Cognitive components of concious experience (and unconcious)
  • Physiological components e.g body states

4. What is the role of the Orbitofrontal cortex?

  • Processing emotional aspects of pain. Detecting errors which evoke negative emotions e.g anger & frustration to avoid in future. Emotional conflict.
  • Reinforcing behaviour (primary and secondary reinforcers)
  • Computing variable motivational values of rewards. Computing regret if reward is less than what we hoped.
  • Rapid visual input from thalamus. Quickly detects threat prior to concious assessment.
  • Encoding disgust. Bodily sensations

5. Who proposed the 6 basic emotions?

  • Cannon-bard
  • Ekman
  • James-Lange
  • Binet


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