TB9 P&C Lecture 1; Cognition and Emotion

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 19-04-16 12:30

1. What is the role of the Orbitofrontal cortex?

  • Processing emotional aspects of pain. Detecting errors which evoke negative emotions e.g anger & frustration to avoid in future. Emotional conflict.
  • Encoding disgust. Bodily sensations
  • Computing variable motivational values of rewards. Computing regret if reward is less than what we hoped.
  • Reinforcing behaviour (primary and secondary reinforcers)
  • Rapid visual input from thalamus. Quickly detects threat prior to concious assessment.
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2. In monitering current states, what is "gustatory goal violated, reject substance and withdraw?"

  • Anxious
  • Disgust
  • Angry
  • Sad
  • Happy

3. Which of these examples characterises the Cannon-bard Theory of emotion

  • Emotion can be experienced independent from body states as autonomic states can be slower/ambiguous than the emotion. Stimulus --> experience --> autonomic
  • Feedback from the body influences our emotional experience. Stimulus --> autonomic response --> experience

4. What is the role of the insula?

  • Rapid visual input from thalamus. Quickly detects threat prior to concious assessment.
  • Computing variable motivational values of rewards. Computing regret if reward is less than what we hoped.
  • Encoding disgust. Bodily sensations
  • Processing emotional aspects of pain. Detecting errors which evoke negative emotions e.g anger & frustration to avoid in future. Emotional conflict.
  • Reinforcing behaviour (primary and secondary reinforcers)

5. When the amygdala is damaged in monkeys this produces?

  • Loss of libido
  • Increased aggression
  • Kluver Bucy syndrome
  • Visual neglect

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