TB9 P&C Lecture 1; Cognition and Emotion

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 19-04-16 12:30

1. What is the role of the insula?

  • Rapid visual input from thalamus. Quickly detects threat prior to concious assessment.
  • Computing variable motivational values of rewards. Computing regret if reward is less than what we hoped.
  • Encoding disgust. Bodily sensations
  • Processing emotional aspects of pain. Detecting errors which evoke negative emotions e.g anger & frustration to avoid in future. Emotional conflict.
  • Reinforcing behaviour (primary and secondary reinforcers)
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2. In a study of misattributed emotional states (Dutton & Aron, 1974), what was the main finding?

  • People interviewed on the high bridge (stressful situation) were signif more likely to call experimenter --> perceived as more attractive
  • People interviewed on the safe bridge (non stressful situation) were signif more likely to call experimenter --> perceived as less attractive
  • People interviewed on the safe bridge (non stressful situation) were signif more likely to call experimenter --> perceived as more attractive
  • People interviewed on the high bridge (stressful situation) were signif less likely to call experimenter --> perceived as more attractive

3. Which theory does evidence using beta blockers, botox and depression and forced smiling (joke) paradigm support?

  • James-lange theory
  • Cannon-bard theory

4. What is the role of the amygdala?

  • Rapid visual input from thalamus. Quickly detects threat prior to concious assessment.
  • Processing emotional aspects of pain. Detecting errors which evoke negative emotions e.g anger & frustration to avoid in future. Emotional conflict.
  • Reinforcing behaviour (primary and secondary reinforcers)
  • Encoding disgust. Bodily sensations
  • Computing variable motivational values of rewards. Computing regret if reward is less than what we hoped.

5. Which of these examples characterises the James-Lange theory of emotion?

  • Feedback from the body influences our emotional experience. Stimulus --> autonomic response --> experience
  • Emotion can be experienced independent from body states as autonomic states can be slower/ambiguous than the emotion. Stimulus --> experience --> autonomic

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