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6. What technique was used by the guards to undermine the prisoners?

  • Learned helplessness
  • Deindividuation
  • Empowerment
  • All of the above

7. Social identity theory related the results of the Zimbardo experiment to which types of power?

  • Referent/informational power only
  • Reward and legitimate power
  • Referent/informational and reward power
  • Coercive and referent power

8. Which of the following describes coercive power?

  • Promise of reward in return for compliance
  • Threatening of punishment for non-compliance
  • A powerful individual authorised by power structure to command
  • Identification with a powerful individual

9. Which of the following describes reward power?

  • Promise of reward in return for compliance
  • Threatening of punishment for non-compliance
  • Believing another individual is better informed than self
  • A powerful individual authorised by power structure to command

10. Which of the following describes refferent power?

  • Identification with a powerful individual
  • Threatening of punishment for non-compliance
  • A powerful individual authorised by power structure to command
  • Believing another individual is better informed than self

11. In a variant of the Milgram (1963) experiment, how many participants continued to the lethal voltage when the experiment was re-ran in a less prestigious environment?

  • 70%
  • 48%
  • 21%
  • 63%

12. At what voltage did Milgram (1963) predict all participants would refuse to continue?

  • 300v
  • 150v
  • 75v
  • 450v

13. Which of the following describes informational/expert power?

  • A powerful individual authorised by power structure to command
  • Identification with a powerful individual
  • Believing another individual is better informed than self
  • Promise of reward in return for compliance

14. Which of the following was NOT an explanation provided for the outcome of the Zimbardo Prison experiment?

  • Deindividuation
  • Learned helplessness
  • Dispositional factors
  • Conformity

15. Which of the following is NOT a factor influencing obedience?

  • Gender
  • Uniform
  • Social support
  • Proximity

16. At what voltage did all actually participants continue to? (Milligram, 1963)

  • 300v
  • 75v
  • 150v
  • 450v

17. "Foot in the door" obedience refers to:

  • None of the above
  • The idea individuals will obey commands in small increments
  • The idea that participants felt the experimenter was part of their 'ingroup'
  • The idea of passing responsibility onto another individual

18. Berger's (2009) replication of Milgram's study found that:

  • None of the above
  • 70% reached the 150v point
  • 79% reached the 150v point
  • 40% reached the 150v point

19. In a variant of the Milgram (1963) experiment, how many participants continued to the lethal voltage when they forced the 'learners' hand on the shock plate themselves?

  • 71%
  • 30%
  • 45%
  • 21%

20. In a variant of the Milgram (1963) experiment, how many participants continued to the lethal voltage when the instructions were provided via telephone?

  • 48%
  • 65%
  • 21%
  • 45%