TB8 D&L Lecture 4; Developmental disorders

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 30-04-16 14:59

1. Why is there interest in Williams syndrome as a model for developmental disorders?

  • Because it has specific behavioural deficits and global cognitive deficits
  • Because it disassociates with other disorders
  • Because of its well defined genetic pathology
  • Because it has specific cognitive and behavioural deficits
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2. Which of these is not a cognitive phenotype in WS?

  • IQ range from 40-90
  • Intact spatial and numerical skills
  • Intact language, face recog and social interaction
  • Impaired spatial and numerical skills

3. What does the local-processing bias hypothesis suggest about the nature of WS visual-spatial disorder?

  • WS have issues with the global form of objects but do not struggle with fine detail
  • WS have issues with the local features of objects but do not struggle with global arrangement

4. How doesneuroconstructivism explain WS?

  • The adult state of the language system may be mature but not 'intact'. Language is atypical in many ways, WS informs about the low level processes of language
  • The genes coding for language skills are intact, other developmental disorders are impaired on these genes.

5. Does WS show expressive or telegraphic language?

  • Expressive as opposed to telegraphic in Down syndrome
  • Telegraphic as opposed to expressive in Down syndrome


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