TB8 D&L Lecture 2; Cognitive development

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 30-04-16 12:47

1. Which of these was NOT a main result from Ruff & Capozolli (2003)?

  • 42 month olds were least distracted in focused attention sessions
  • Children of different ages rely on different attention strategies within sessions
  • Focused attention is broken differently across ages
  • Children across ages respond differently to ST and MT conditions
  • Children across ages do not differ in their responses to ST and MT conditions
  • The type of attention given to toys differs with age
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2. Which of these are two salient characteristics of Information processing theories

  • Limited neural energy constrained by cognitive elements (e.g attention)
  • Limited processing speed and attentional capacity, flexible ways of working around limitations
  • Limited processing speed and attentional capacity, limited ways of working around limitations

3. Which age group use attention strategically?

  • Older children
  • Younger children

4. In Piaget's cognitive adaptation theory, what is assimilation?

  • Fitting reality into ones cognitive organisation
  • The mechanism by which cognitive organisations are applied to reality
  • Adjustments to cognitive organisation resulting from IRL demans

5. What is analogical reasoning?

  • Cognitive tools, which can be either symbolic or material
  • Comparing items that may appear different at first to extract deeper regularities
  • Generations of predictions and hypothesis testing

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