TB7 SPA Lecture 1; An introduction to personality

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 20-12-15 13:50

1. What is the main concept of the learning theory approach? (Banduras model of reciprocal causation)

  • Personality is a result of learning experiences (An interaction between Personal, Behavioural and Environmental factors)
  • Personality is a result of learning experiences (An interaction between Personal and Behavioural factors)
  • Learning experiences are a result of personality (An interaction between Personal, Behavioural and Environmental factors)
  • Humans are motivated by a need for positive growth with an emphasis on personal responsibility
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2. What is a projective test?

  • Participant response time measured to when certain categories are combined v.s others e.g black, bad, white, good.
  • Ambiguous stimuli presented, response generated which provides an insight into personality
  • Pictures presented depicting a dramatic/critical event. Person asked what the relationships and feelings of the people in picture are. Stories constructed which reflect personality
  • The person looks at a list of words, and says the colour of the word. The task should be more difficult when the word is more emotive

3. Which are the two types of criterion validity?

  • Concurrent validity, Discriminant validity
  • Convergent validity, divergent validity
  • Convergent validity, predictive validity
  • Concurrent validity, predictive validity
  • Predictive validity, divergent validity

4. Which are the two main criticisms of projective tests?

  • Lack of reliability (no general consensus), Lack of research evidence supporting it
  • Lack of reliability (no general consensus), Lack of validity (weak predictive power, lacks convergence with other psychometric scales, mental illnesses not considered)
  • Lack of validity (weak predictive power, lacks convergence with other psychometric scales, mental illnesses not considered), considered a branch of pseudoscience
  • Lack of reliability (weak predictive power, lacks convergence with other psychometric scales, mental illnesses not considered),Lack of validity (no general consensus)

5. Which of these would be used to gauge internal consistency reliability?

  • Spearmans Rho
  • Cronbachs Alpha (-1 to +1, alpha level +0.7)
  • Pearsons Correlation Coefficient
  • P values (alpha level 0.05)

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