TB7 SPA Lecture 1; An introduction to personality

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 20-12-15 13:50

1. What is the main concept of the learning theory approach? (Banduras model of reciprocal causation)

  • Personality is a result of learning experiences (An interaction between Personal, Behavioural and Environmental factors)
  • Humans are motivated by a need for positive growth with an emphasis on personal responsibility
  • Personality is a result of learning experiences (An interaction between Personal and Behavioural factors)
  • Learning experiences are a result of personality (An interaction between Personal, Behavioural and Environmental factors)
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2. What is a projective test?

  • Ambiguous stimuli presented, response generated which provides an insight into personality
  • The person looks at a list of words, and says the colour of the word. The task should be more difficult when the word is more emotive
  • Pictures presented depicting a dramatic/critical event. Person asked what the relationships and feelings of the people in picture are. Stories constructed which reflect personality
  • Participant response time measured to when certain categories are combined v.s others e.g black, bad, white, good.

3. Which are the two types of criterion validity?

  • Concurrent validity, predictive validity
  • Concurrent validity, Discriminant validity
  • Predictive validity, divergent validity
  • Convergent validity, predictive validity
  • Convergent validity, divergent validity

4. What is internal consistency reliability?

  • If all items are measuring the same concept, they should ALL CORRELATE
  • Items should each measure different concepts
  • If all items are measuring the same concept, they should NOT CORRELATE
  • Items should all measure the same concept

5. Which are the two main criticisms of projective tests?

  • Lack of reliability (weak predictive power, lacks convergence with other psychometric scales, mental illnesses not considered),Lack of validity (no general consensus)
  • Lack of reliability (no general consensus), Lack of validity (weak predictive power, lacks convergence with other psychometric scales, mental illnesses not considered)
  • Lack of reliability (no general consensus), Lack of research evidence supporting it
  • Lack of validity (weak predictive power, lacks convergence with other psychometric scales, mental illnesses not considered), considered a branch of pseudoscience

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