TB6 SPA Lecture 3 MCQs; Prejudice and Discrimination

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 02-12-15 15:05

1. What is extended contact?

  • When ingroup members have outgroup friends
  • When positive behaviours are acquired through observing ingroup/outgroup relationships
  • Mentally simulating a meeting with outgroup members
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What is the main critique of social identity theory?

  • The individual context is ignored
  • Social identity theory ignores evolutionary arguments
  • The group context is ignored
  • Social identity theory is too reductionist

3. How does social identity theory explain prejudice and discrimination?

  • If a member of the outgroup enters the context of the ingroup, to retain the distinctiveness of the groups identity prejudice will occur
  • If the distinctiveness of the group identity is perceived to be threatened, increased effort will be made to make the ingroup dissimilar to outgroup (prejudice)
  • The ingroup will conform in displaying prejudice and discrimination towards the outgroup
  • If the outgroup has different beliefs to the ingroup, there will be prejudice

4. What did a fMRI study by Harris & Fiske (2009) show about effects of dehumanisation?

  • Observed increased brain activity in regions associated with empathy in TOM of victims.
  • Observed reduced brain activity in regions associated with empathy in TOM of perpetrators.
  • Observed increased brain activity in regions associated with empathy in TOM of perpetrators.
  • Observed reduced brain activity in regions associated with empathy in TOM of victims.

5. What is vicarious contact?

  • When positive behaviours are acquired through observing ingroup/outgroup relationships
  • When ingroup members have outgroup friends
  • Mentally simulating a meeting with outgroup members

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