TB6 SPA Lecture 3 MCQs; Prejudice and Discrimination

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  • Created on: 02-12-15 15:05

1. What did a fMRI study by Harris & Fiske (2009) show about effects of dehumanisation?

  • Observed increased brain activity in regions associated with empathy in TOM of perpetrators.
  • Observed increased brain activity in regions associated with empathy in TOM of victims.
  • Observed reduced brain activity in regions associated with empathy in TOM of perpetrators.
  • Observed reduced brain activity in regions associated with empathy in TOM of victims.
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2. What is the main critique of social identity theory?

  • Social identity theory is too reductionist
  • Social identity theory ignores evolutionary arguments
  • The individual context is ignored
  • The group context is ignored

3. What was the main finding of an extended contact study by Vezzali et al (2014)?

  • The children who identified with Harry had better attitudes to outgroup members compared to those who identified with voldemort in the passage
  • Both groups of children showed positive views towards outgroup members regardless of who they identified with
  • Those who identified with Voldemort had better attitudes to outgroup members compared to those who identified with Harry in the passage
  • Both groups of children showed negative views towards outgroup members regardless of who they identified with

4. Which of these is NOT an effect of prejudice and discrimination?

  • Legitimised prejudice
  • Social stigma
  • Negative psychological wellbeing & Depression
  • Violence

5. How does social identity theory explain prejudice and discrimination?

  • The ingroup will conform in displaying prejudice and discrimination towards the outgroup
  • If the distinctiveness of the group identity is perceived to be threatened, increased effort will be made to make the ingroup dissimilar to outgroup (prejudice)
  • If the outgroup has different beliefs to the ingroup, there will be prejudice
  • If a member of the outgroup enters the context of the ingroup, to retain the distinctiveness of the groups identity prejudice will occur

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