TB6 D&L Lecture 4; How do we use language?

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 04-01-16 15:02

1. What was the main finding of a study by ferreria et al (2005) in avoiding ambiguity?

  • Pps operated egocentrically and did not aim to establish common ground in either condition
  • Pps could only reduce linguitic ambiguity and otherwise operated egocentrically
  • Pps aimed to establish common ground in both conditions, but ESPECIALLY for non-linguistic ambiguity
  • Pps aimed to establish common ground in both conditions, but ESPECIALLY for linguistic ambiguity
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2. What is the difference between indirect and direct speech acts?

  • Direct speech acts (approx 10% lang) move beyond the literal meaning, Indirect speech acts (approx 90% of lang) intend the literal meaning.
  • Direct speech acts (approx 10% of lang) intend the literal meaning. Indirect speech acts (approx 90% lang) move beyond the literal meaning
  • Direct speech acts (approx 90% of lang) intend the literal meaning. Indirect speech acts (approx 10% lang) move beyond the literal meaning
  • Direct speech acts (approx 90% lang) move beyond the literal meaning, Indirect speech acts (approx 10% of lang) intend the literal meaning.

3. What was the main finding of Keysar et al (2000)?

  • Pps never fixated towards occluded objects, suggesting inhibition
  • Although there was a representation of common ground, pps initial response was often egocentric, suggesting inhibition
  • Pps always fixated towards occluded objects, suggesting inhibition
  • There was a no representation of common ground, pps initial response was often egocentric, suggesting no inhibition

4. What did the study by Tanenhaus et al (1995) suggest?

  • Because visual context influences the liklihood of being garden-pathed, evidence AGAINST the autonomy/modularity of the parser.
  • Because semantic context influences the liklihood of being garden-pathed, evidence FOR the autonomy/modularity of the parser.
  • Because visual context influences the liklihood of being garden-pathed, evidence FOR the autonomy/modularity of the parser.
  • Because semantic context influences the liklihood of being garden-pathed, evidence AGAINST the autonomy/modularity of the parser.

5. What is extracted first in Searles two stage model of understanding indirect speech?

  • Literal
  • Indirect
  • Neither
  • Both

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