TB6 D&L Lecture 4; How do we use language?

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 04-01-16 15:02

1. Which of these are Grice's maxims of conversational principle?

  • Politeness, Ease of speech, Fluency, Respect
  • Politeness, Ease of Speech, Adjacency, Respect
  • Quantity, Quality, Relevance, Manner
  • Quantity, Quotation, Relevance, Manner
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2. What was the main finding of a study by ferreria et al (2005) in avoiding ambiguity?

  • Pps operated egocentrically and did not aim to establish common ground in either condition
  • Pps aimed to establish common ground in both conditions, but ESPECIALLY for non-linguistic ambiguity
  • Pps aimed to establish common ground in both conditions, but ESPECIALLY for linguistic ambiguity
  • Pps could only reduce linguitic ambiguity and otherwise operated egocentrically

3. In a visual-world eye tracking study by Altmann&Kamide, (1999), when did anticipatory fixations due to verb-selectional restraints occur?

  • Well after the onset of the verb, suggesting that language understanding involves prediction
  • Well after the onset of the noun, suggesting that language understanding involves prediction
  • Well before the onset of the noun, suggesting that language understanding involves prediction
  • Well before the onset of the verb, suggesting that language understanding involves prediction

4. What was the main finding of Keysar et al (2000)?

  • Although there was a representation of common ground, pps initial response was often egocentric, suggesting inhibition
  • There was a no representation of common ground, pps initial response was often egocentric, suggesting no inhibition
  • Pps always fixated towards occluded objects, suggesting inhibition
  • Pps never fixated towards occluded objects, suggesting inhibition

5. In a study by Wu & Keysar (2007), which cultural group found it easier to suppress the egocentric POV and make fewer fixations towards wrong objects?

  • Collectivist (American)
  • Individualistic (Chinese)
  • Collectivist (Chinese)
  • Individualistic (American)

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