TB6 D&L Lecture 4; How do we use language?

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 04-01-16 15:02

1. Tanenhaus et al (1995) "put the apple on the towel into..." Which condition has the least ambiguity?

  • Two referent condition; abides by quantity maxim
  • One referent condition; abides by quantity maxim
  • Both conditions
  • Neither condition, they are equally ambiguous
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2. In a study by Wu & Keysar (2007), which cultural group found it easier to suppress the egocentric POV and make fewer fixations towards wrong objects?

  • Individualistic (Chinese)
  • Collectivist (Chinese)
  • Collectivist (American)
  • Individualistic (American)

3. What is the difference between indirect and direct speech acts?

  • Direct speech acts (approx 10% of lang) intend the literal meaning. Indirect speech acts (approx 90% lang) move beyond the literal meaning
  • Direct speech acts (approx 10% lang) move beyond the literal meaning, Indirect speech acts (approx 90% of lang) intend the literal meaning.
  • Direct speech acts (approx 90% lang) move beyond the literal meaning, Indirect speech acts (approx 10% of lang) intend the literal meaning.
  • Direct speech acts (approx 90% of lang) intend the literal meaning. Indirect speech acts (approx 10% lang) move beyond the literal meaning

4. What was the hypothesis in Richardson & Matlock (2007)?

  • If fictive motion is a part of sentence understanding, FM sentences with hard terrain should have a shorter LT
  • If fictive motion is a part of sentence understanding, FM sentences with hard terrain should have a shorter LT
  • If fictive motion is a part of sentence understanding, FM sentences with hard terrain should have a longer LT
  • If fictive motion is a part of sentence understanding, FM sentences with easy terrain should have a longer LT

5. What is fictive motion?

  • Figurative language
  • Concrete language that implies movement
  • Figurative language which implies movement
  • Figurative language that does not imply movement

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