TB6 D&L Lecture 2; The Structure of Sentences

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 04-01-16 17:27

1. What is the canonical sentence strategy?

  • Making use of the most common structure in the language to aid comprehension
  • Making use of the least common structure in the language to aid comprehension
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2. What are Kimballs 7 principles of parsing?

  • Top-down parsing, Left association, New nodes (Function), 2 sentence nodes, Closure, Fixed Structure, Processing principles
  • Top-down parsing, Right association, New nodes (Function), 4 sentence nodes, Closure, Fixed Structure, Processing principles
  • Bottom-up parsing, Right association, New nodes (Function), 4 sentence nodes, Closure, Fixed Structure, Processing principles
  • Top-down parsing, Right association, New nodes (Function), 2 sentence nodes, Closure, Fixed Structure, Processing principles
  • Bottom-up parsing, Right association, New nodes (Function), 2 sentence nodes, Closure, Fixed Structure, Processing principles

3. Which of these is NOT a feature of garden path?

  • Interactive
  • Late closure
  • 2 Stage
  • Incremental
  • Autonomous
  • Serial
  • Minimal attachment

4. Why does the Garden Path effect occur according to the serial autonomous parser?

  • More evidence supports the analysis than the alternatives but turns out to be wrong
  • The single syntactic representation generated was wrong so you have to reanalyse
  • 1 representation is more active than others but it is wrong

5. Describe an autonomous parser

  • Syntax and semantics are both used to construct the syntactic representation in one go
  • Initial stages of parsing ONLY use syntax to construct representations
  • Other sources and modalities of information can influence the parser at an early stage
  • The first stage is purely autonomous, the second is semantic

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