TB4 Lecture 4; Decision making and the brain

The main objectives in this lecture are;

  • Expected value v.s expected utility
  • Reward and the brain
  • Temporal discounting
  • Social decision making
  • Heuristics in decision making
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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 25-05-15 17:59

1. What is loss aversion?

  • The tendency for people to strongly prefer avoiding loss than acquiring gains
  • Perceiving probability in a highly subjective manner, overestimating the chances of low probability events, and underestimating high ones
  • The tendency for people to strongly acquiring gains than avoiding loss
  • The tendency for compulsive gambling to start after a traumatic loss type event
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Which areas seem to be implicated in larger-later rewards?

  • DLpFC, LOBFC, VStr
  • Posterior cingulate (PCC), mPFC, VStr
  • DLpFC, LOBFC
  • Putamen, mPFC, VStr

3. What is negative reinforcement?

  • Being rewarded implicitly after avoiding a stimulus
  • Removal of an adverse outcome following a reaction
  • Being rewarded explicitly after avoiding a stimulus
  • A delivery of an adverse outcome following a reaction

4. What is probability weighting?

  • The tendency for people to strongly acquiring gains than avoiding loss
  • The tendency for people to underestimate the chances of high probability events (a coin toss) and overestimate low probability events (the lottery)
  • The tendency for compulsive gambling to start after a traumatic loss type event
  • The tendency for people to strongly prefer avoiding loss than acquiring gains

5. What is meant by an unconditioned reinforcer?

  • Water
  • A stimuli that acquires its power via history of association with primary and or other secondary reinforcers
  • A stimulus that is reinforcing or rewarding even without previous training
  • Food

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