TB4 Lecture 1; Emotion and the Brain quiz

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 24-05-15 14:02

1. What does the somatic marker hypothesis state?

  • The same neurons will fire when you think about how something would feel and how it feels
  • People experience bodily feelings that guide their decisions based on the anticipated pain/pleasure of the outcome.
  • People score lower on the Iowa gambling task if they have a larger temporal lobe
  • People score lower on the Iowa gambling task if they have less temporal lobe
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2. In a study of disgust recognition and experience, what did results from Calder et al (2000) with patient NM find?

  • A left side lesion involving the insula and putamen caused impaired recognition of the disgust expression (face, posture, voice) and also a lower score in disgust questionnaire
  • A left side lesion involving the insula and putamen caused impaired recognition of the disgust expression (face, posture, voice) and also a higher score in disgust questionnaire
  • A right side lesion involving the insula and putamen caused impaired recognition of the disgust expression (face, posture, voice) and also a higher score in disgust questionnaire
  • A right side lesion involving the insula and putamen caused impaired recognition of the disgust expression (face, posture, voice) and also a lower score in disgust questionnaire

3. What does a skin conductance response show?

  • Shows electro-physiological skin response which is relatedto arousal. The lowest response will be shown for emotions such as fear + anxiety
  • Shows electro-physiological skin response which is related to arousal. A response peak will be shown for emotions such as fear + anxiety
  • Shows eccrine sweat gland activity which is related to arousal. A response peak will be shown for emotions such as fear + anxiety
  • Shows eccrine sweat gland activity which is related to arousal. The lowest response will be shown for emotions such as fear + anxiety

4. What is the James-Lange feedback theory?

  • Emotions are a psychological percept that are not linked to the bodies responses to external stimuli.
  • There is a deterministic relaish between bodily reactions+emotions. Stimuli cause a direct bodily response which in turn creates an emotional experience. There is no emotion without bodily reaction.
  • There is an interactive relationship between bodily reactions+emotions. Emotions can cause a bodily reaction which causes a physiological response, and vice versa.
  • There is a deterministic relaish between bodily reactions+emotions. Stimuli cause an emotional response which in turn creates a bodily reaction. There are no bodily reactions without emotion.

5. How does the cannon-bard theory challenge the James-lange feedback theory?

  • Agrees that bodily responses cause emotional experience, but rather than an emphasis on the response cells, states the importance of the CNS.
  • States that body responses are too undifferentiated and slow to be a source of emotion. Instead a stimulus simultaeneously triggers activity in the autonomic nervous system AND emotional experience.
  • Emotions are a psychological percept that are not linked to the bodies responses to external stimuli.
  • Disagrees with the strict processing stages of the James Lange feedback theory.

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