TB10 P&C Lecture 1; Language and ethics

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 23-05-16 18:45

1. What characterises the STRONG form of the Sapir Whorf hypothesis?

  • Language constrains thought e.g if you dont have a word for it its harder to think about it
  • Language alters perception e.g Words can alter what you see, hear and remember if you dont have a word for a colour you cant see it
  • Language primes thought e.g obligatory gender terms may cause more attention to gender
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2. What does evidence show from gender in language?

  • Spanish observers assign gendered characterstics to objects for physical characteristics
  • There was no difference between Spanish and English observers in gendered language
  • English observers assign gendered characterstics to objects for physical characteristics
  • Even though they use a language with gendered pronouns Spanish observers do not assign gendered characterstics to objects for physical characteristics

3. Motion perception is influenced by...?

  • Top down mechanisms, adaptation to static motion alters IRL perception
  • Bottom up mechanisms, adaptation to static motion alters IRL perception

4. Do spatial reference terms influence perception?

  • Yes, Northern australian tribes use absolute over relative terms
  • No, Northern australian tribes use relative over absolute terms

5. What is the main premise of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis?

  • Language influences cognition, words shape thought
  • Cognition influences language, without self-generated thought there is no language
  • Language is a seperate cognitive construct from all other modules

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