Systematic Organic Chemistry- Carboxylic Acids

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Properties
In their pure state they exist as dimers with double hydrogen bonds. Soluble but solubility decreases with chain length. Weak acids as only partly dissosciated.
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Synthesis
Oxidation of primary alcohols/aldehydes by heating under reflux with potassium dichromate. Hydrolysis of esters, nitriles or amides
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Salt formation
In aqueous solution they form salts on reaction with some metals (e.g. magnesium), carbonates (e.g. sodium carbonate) and alkalis (e.g. KOH)
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Condensation
Condense with alcohols to form esters catalysed by concentrated sulphuric acid
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Reduction
To primary alcohols catalysed by LiAlH4. With amines to form amides. With ammonia to form ammonia salts
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Oxidation of primary alcohols/aldehydes by heating under reflux with potassium dichromate. Hydrolysis of esters, nitriles or amides

Back

Synthesis

Card 3

Front

In aqueous solution they form salts on reaction with some metals (e.g. magnesium), carbonates (e.g. sodium carbonate) and alkalis (e.g. KOH)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Condense with alcohols to form esters catalysed by concentrated sulphuric acid

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

To primary alcohols catalysed by LiAlH4. With amines to form amides. With ammonia to form ammonia salts

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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