Systematic desensitisation

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What is the main assumption of the behaviourist approach?
Normal behaviour is learned through appropriate classical and operant conditioning
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What is an example of abnormal behavior?
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How are they caused?
When an NS (rat) is paired with a UCS(loud noise)
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What new bond is formed?
S-R between the CS(rat) and CR(fear)
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How are they're reinforced?
Negitively where voidance of rats mean that the fear is not felt
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What does SD aim to do?
Make abnormal behaviour normal through counterconditioning
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What is used?
Recipricol inhibition where two opposing emotions fear and relaxation cant be felt at the same time
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How does SD work?
breaking the original S-R and reducing the CR fear by establishing an appropriate response(relaxation to the feared object
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What happens first?
the client learns how to relax and calm themselves down
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How is this usually done?
deep breathing, visualisation and meditation
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What does the therapist do after the client can relax?
Draw up the hierarchy of anxiety
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What is the hierarchy of anxiety?
a ladder of feared stimuli
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For example?
looking at the word rat, a picture of a rat and so on until the person can hold a real rat
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What is the third stage of SD?
The client works up through each step of their hierarchy, relaxing at each step where necessary
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What is formed at each step?
A new S-R bond is formed
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What happens if the client becomes too stressed?
The client will go back down a step on the hierarchy
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How is the therapy successful?
When the top step on the hierarchy is reached and the client is able to relax when faced with the thing they feared before the therapy began
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SD can be completed using three types of what?
In vivo, In vitro, modelling
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What is invivo?
Direct contact with the feared stimuli
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What is invitro?
Through imagining the feared stimuli
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What is modelling?
seeing a person who does not show a fear response with the feared stimuli
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Who suggested that SD was effective?
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What was the success rate?
75% in arachnophobia
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What does this illustrate?
The behavourist assumption about of learning through classical conditioning has been successfully applied to SD to help treat abnormal behaviour
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What is an example of abnormal behavior?



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How are they caused?


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Card 4


What new bond is formed?


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How are they're reinforced?


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