Synthetic Routes

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Alkane to Haloalkane
Reagents: Chlorine, Conditions: UV Light, Equation: CH4 +Cl2 --> CH3Cl + HCl FREE RADICAL SUBSTITION
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Haloalkane to Alcohol
Reagents: aqueous NaOH , Conditions: warm/reflux , Equation: R-Cl + NaOH --> R-OH + NaCl NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION
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Haloalkane to alkene
Reagents: KOH , Conditions:ethanol/heat under reflux , Equation: CH2CH2Cl + KOH --> CH2=CH2 + KCL + H2O ELIMINATION
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Haloalkane to Nitrile
Reagents: KCN , Conditions: Heat and Reflux , Equation: R-Cl + KCN --> R-CN + KCL NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTISTION
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Haloalkane to Primary Amine
Reagents: excess ammonia , Conditions: heat , Equation: R-Cl + 2NH3 --> R-NH2 + NH4Cl NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION
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Primary amine to Secondary amine
Reagents: chloroalkane , Conditions: warm, Equation: R1-NH2 + R2-Cl --> R1R2NH + HCl NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION
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Secondary amine to tertiary amine
Reagents: chloroalkane , Conditions: warm, Equation: R1R2NH +R3-Cl --> R1R2R3N + HCl NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION
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tertiary amine to quatenary ammonium salt
Reagents: chloroalkane , Conditions: warm, Equation: R1R2R3N + R4-Cl --> R1R2R3R4N+Cl- NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION
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Alkene to Alkane
Reagents: Hydrogen/ Ni catalyst , Conditions: 150 degrees, 2atm , Equation: CH2=CH2 + H2 --> CH3CH3
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Haloalkane to Alcohol

Back

Reagents: aqueous NaOH , Conditions: warm/reflux , Equation: R-Cl + NaOH --> R-OH + NaCl NUCLEOPHILLIC SUBSTITUTION

Card 3

Front

Haloalkane to alkene

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Haloalkane to Nitrile

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Haloalkane to Primary Amine

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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