Synthetic fibres

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  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 22-05-16 17:08
List synthetic fibres
PVC, polyamide, acrylic, polyester, lycra.
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What are the general known facts about synthetic fibres?
Man made - Comes from non-renewable sources e.g. coal, oil, fossil fuels. Not biodegradable. Can be recycled (melted and re-spun). Made through spinnerette. Can be heat set, micro-encapsulate.
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What are the advantages of using nylon/polyamide?
Very strong fibre, abrasion resistant. Lightweight, smooth, crease resistant. Thermoplastic, cheap, showerproof. Easy care, non-absorbent so dries quickly, resists some stains.
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What are the negatives of using polyamide?
No stretch. Melts when burns, damaged by sunlight - yellows and weakens. Not waterproof
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What are the positives of using polyester?
Very strong, hardwearing and abrasion resistant. Lightweight, cheap, easy care. Flame retardant, crease resistant, smooth. Non-absorbent, hygienic, washable. Thermoplastic.
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What are the advantages of using acrylic?
Inexpensive alternative to wool. Strong and abrasion resistant. Wears well in constant use, lightweight, crease resistant. Non-absorbent, wicks moisture away, lustrous. Warm and cheap.
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What are the disadvantages of using acrylic?
Prone to shrinking and prone to pilling.
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What are the positives of elastane?
Good recovery, supportive, hardwearing and non-absorbent. Prevents creasing, washable, strong and unaffected by salt, sun, sweat e.t.c.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the general known facts about synthetic fibres?

Back

Man made - Comes from non-renewable sources e.g. coal, oil, fossil fuels. Not biodegradable. Can be recycled (melted and re-spun). Made through spinnerette. Can be heat set, micro-encapsulate.

Card 3

Front

What are the advantages of using nylon/polyamide?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the negatives of using polyamide?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the positives of using polyester?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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