Synthesis: F324

Flash cards to test yourself on the aliphatic and aromatic synthesis reactions

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What molecule is given off on the formation of an ester linkage in a condensation polymerisation reaction?
H2O
1 of 17
What is the product of adding NaBH to a ketone and heating?
Reduced to a Secondary Alcohol
2 of 17
Name the reagents needed to convert a Halogenoalkane to an alcohol
NaOH/H20, Reflux
3 of 17
How is benzene turned into bromobenzene?
Halogen carrier (FeBr3). React bromine with Br2
4 of 17
How is a secondary alcohol turned into a ketone? Name the type of reaction
Reflux with Acidified Potassium Dichromate, Oxidation
5 of 17
What are the byproducts of an addition polymerisation reaction?
None, only a poly(alkene) is produced
6 of 17
How is a primary alcohol turned into an aldehyde? Name the type of reaction
Heat with Acidified Potassium Dichromate, Distill product. Oxidation
7 of 17
What are the products of reacting phenol with 3Br2(aq)?
2,4,6 tribromophenol +3HBr
8 of 17
How do you convert an aldehyde to a primary alcohol?
Add NaBH4 and heat
9 of 17
What is the byproduct of halogenation of benzene?
HX, where X = halogen
10 of 17
What reagents are required to form an amine from a halogenoalkane?
Heat with a concentrated solution of HN3 in ethanol
11 of 17
Which aromatic reaction takes place under 10°C? What other reagents are needed?
Phenylamine -> Benzenediazonium Chloride. NaNO2/HCl(aq)
12 of 17
How is an ester produced?
Reflux carboxylic acid with alcohol in the presence of an acid catalyst (conc H2SO4)
13 of 17
Outline the reagents and conditions needed to produce nitrobenzene from benzene
Heat benzene with conc HNO3, conc H2SO4 to 50°C
14 of 17
What are the methods of producing sodium phenoxide? (C6H5O-Na+) What are the other products?
Phenol + NaOH: H2O, Phenol + Na: 1/2H2
15 of 17
How is an azo dye formed from benzenediazonium chloride?
React with ice cold phenoal and NaOH
16 of 17
Outline the reaction of refluxing nitrobenzene with Tin and concentrated HCl
Phenylamine is produced
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the product of adding NaBH to a ketone and heating?

Back

Reduced to a Secondary Alcohol

Card 3

Front

Name the reagents needed to convert a Halogenoalkane to an alcohol

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is benzene turned into bromobenzene?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is a secondary alcohol turned into a ketone? Name the type of reaction

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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