SY1

  • Created by: Eleanor F
  • Created on: 11-05-13 12:57
What were Murdock's universal functions, and some criticisms?
Sexual, Reproductive, Economic, Educational. Criticised by Morgan (1975)- Murdock presents the nuclear family as harmonious.
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Parsons (1955) theories of the family?
Primary socialization of children, Stabilizationn of adult personalities.
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Parsons (1955) Nuclear family suitability for industrial societies
Structural differentiation, geographical mobility, ascribed status
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Parsons criticisms
Laslett (1972) Only 10% of households contained extended kin before industrial revolution
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Engels (1972) explanations for nuclear family?
Men needing to ensure legitimacy of heir, monogamous family worked best for this.
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Zaretsky (1976) explanations for the nuclear family?
Family types changed with economic changes
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Benston (1972) (marxist feminist) opinion?
Women keep the male breadwinner relaxed and fed, men cannot challenge the capitalist system as they must support family
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Ansley (1972) (MF) Opinion?
Housewives act as sponge to soak up male frustration about work, can result in domestic violence.
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How did Morgan (1975) criticise Marxist feminists?
Marxist approaches assume existence of traditional family, which in reality is becoming far less common.
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Firestone (1970) opinion of the family?
Women must be freed from 'the tyranny of their reproductive biology.' Recommended changes such as abolition of family and marriage.
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Delphy and Leonard (1992) perspective?
Family is patriarchal and hierarchical, men exploit women sexually and economically.
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Stacey (1993) and the postmodern family
Families in contemporary societies have developed the postmodern family, movement away from a single dominant family type, towards a greater variety in family relationships.
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Outline Young and Willmott's stages of the family.
1- Preindustrial family 2-early industrial family 3-symmetrical family
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Outline Rapoprt and Rapoport's (1982) types of family diversity
1- Organizational diversity 2-Cultural diversity 3-Class diversity 4-Life-cycle diversity 5-Cohort diversity
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What do Allan and Crow (2001) see as the cause of rising family diversity?
Rising divorce rate, rise in lone parenthood, acceptance of pregnancies not legitimized by marriage, acceptance of cohabitation, declining marriage rates.
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Murray's (1989) opinion of single parenthood?
He is New Right, blames single parenthood for the development of an antisocial underclass.
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Oakley's (1974) findings on conjugal roles.
Young and Willmott's claim of equality is based on inadequate methodology, she found little sharing of household roles.
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Card 2

Front

Parsons (1955) theories of the family?

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Primary socialization of children, Stabilizationn of adult personalities.

Card 3

Front

Parsons (1955) Nuclear family suitability for industrial societies

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Parsons criticisms

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Engels (1972) explanations for nuclear family?

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