Sustainable Farming - Langton Grove Farm, Eye, Suffolk

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What are the advantages for farmers of sustainable farming?
Increased long term potential of farm due to higher soil capital, saving costs of agrochemicals as nitrogen and phosphates come from farm itself, better qaulity vegetables increase demand
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What are the disadvantages for farmers of sustainable farming?
Lower crop yields means farmers need to charge a higher price to maintain income, lower yields are not socially sustainable for a growing population
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Types of sustainable farming practise?
Crop rotation, planting of clovers, planting wind breaks, mulching.
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What is crop rotation?
This is when farmers change the crops grown annually, this prevents buildup of harmful viruses and bacteria, improves soil structure, and increases soil nitrogen content.
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What is clover planting?
This is when occasionally, strips of field have a green-crop such as clover planted on them, these clovers put nutrients back into the soil.
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What is wind breaking?
Wind breaking is when lines of trees are planted on the periphery of fields, these trees shelter crops from wind erosion and reduce transpiration of moisture.
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What is mulching?
When organic matter is returned back into the soil, improving the cycle of nutrients and increasing levels of moisture within the soils.
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Where is sustainable farming occurring in the UK?
Langton Grove Farm, Eye, Suffolk
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Facts about Langton Grove?
They grow sugar beat, winter barley, winter wheat and oilseed ****. Crop yields 10-20% above national average.
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What schemes are under-way in Langton Grove?
Set aside, common agricultural policy/ cross compliance, environmental stewardship (ES), farm diversification, nitrate vulnerable zone
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What does 1992 set aside require?
8% of land is set aside, 75% of set-aside land used to grow oilseed **** (used for bio-diesel), next 25% left to grow fallow.
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What does CAP/ cross compliance require?
Limits on agrochemical and pesticide usage, farmers not allowed to spray around field margins, soil erosion must be prevented, hedgerows cannot be cut between 1st may-31st july, farmers must leave 2m margin around field.
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What does the 2005 ES scheme require?
Sow wild bird seed mixes in strips, cut hedges ever 3 years to min height of 2m, clean ditches occasionally, 6m buffer strips around fields, leave corners uncultivated.
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How has the farm diversified?
Opened a children nursery in a redundant building on the farm, has 60 children a day and employs 19 staff.
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What does the NVZ scheme require?
Limits nitrate inputs, nitrate records open for inspection, however no compensation is given and if they dont compley then subsidies will be taken from CAP.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the disadvantages for farmers of sustainable farming?

Back

Lower crop yields means farmers need to charge a higher price to maintain income, lower yields are not socially sustainable for a growing population

Card 3

Front

Types of sustainable farming practise?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is crop rotation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is clover planting?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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