Susceptibility

What is Susceptibility?
An increased likelihood of acquiring a disease because of an individuals genetic make-up
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According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) what do most diseases involve?
Environmental factors and the complex interaction of many genes
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An individual may not be born with a disease but their...
genetics may make them susceptible to acquiring one in later life
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What diseases are more likely to happen to individuals with susceptibility?
Cancer, diabetes and a high blood cholesterol
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How many types of cancer are there?
Over 200
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What is cancer?
A cell disease that results in cells becoming abnormal and dividing to create more abnormal cells
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What is it most attributed to?
Environmental and lifestyle factors
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What is lung cancer linked to?
Tobacco use
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What is skin cancer linked to?
Over exposure of the sun (ultraviolet light)
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It's estimated that over 40% of cancers can be prevented by?
Making different lifestyle choices and avoiding certain environmental factors
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Why are some people more at risk?
Because they have inherited faults
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Cancers with a genetic link include?
Breast, bowel, womb and kidney
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What does a faulty gene mean?
That just because someone has one that they will get cancer but lifestyle choices may increase the risk
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What are some lifestyle factors?
Smoking, alcohol, diet, exercise
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What are some environmental factors?
Sun exposure and asbestos
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Diabetes is a?
Chronic condition
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How many people in the UK have Diabetes?
Approximately 1 in 16 people, the figure has doubled since 1996
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What is Type 1?
Early onset/insulin dependent, strong predisposition. There is a greater risk if one or both biological parents have diabetes
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What is Type 2?
Later/mature onset, environment and lifestyle play a greater role
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What is cholesterol?
A fatty substance that is carried around the body by proteins
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What can too much cholesterol lead to?
Heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases
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What can cause a high cholesterol?
Smoking, diet and a lack of exercise
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What is high blood cholesterol caused by?
An inherited condition called hypercholesterolemia, caused by a gene alteration inherited from a parent
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What can it lead to?
People are born with this and it can lead to early heart problems if left untreated
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) what do most diseases involve?

Back

Environmental factors and the complex interaction of many genes

Card 3

Front

An individual may not be born with a disease but their...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What diseases are more likely to happen to individuals with susceptibility?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many types of cancer are there?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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