Surgery

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BIG 3 ISSUES
-Blood loss -Pain -Infection
1 of 17
Simpson
Wanted to ease pain of childbirth. Sniffed random drugs to see their effects. Found chloroform. Better than ether as didn't induce vomiting.
2 of 17
Black period
Pain wasn't a problem any more. More people had surgery. Higher death rate.
3 of 17
Lister
Read Pasteur's Germ Theory. Visit to sewers, realised rotting sewers smelt like his patients. Carbolic acid spray, Lister's donkey.
4 of 17
Halstead
Halstead's nurse (fiance) got eczema due to Lister's donkey. Invented rubber gloves and masks etc.
5 of 17
Landstiener
Looked at less than 20 test tubes of blood under a microscope. Identified five different blood types.
6 of 17
WW1 Blood
Blood transfusions were needed more. Problem of storing blood.
7 of 17
WW1 Blood - Richard Lewisohn
Solution, sodium citrate, 1915
8 of 17
WW1 Blood - Richard Weil
Solution, refrigeration
9 of 17
WW1 Blood - Rous & Turner
Solution, citrate glucose, 1916
10 of 17
WW1 Blood - Result
First blood depot, 1917. Saved lots of lives.
11 of 17
Gillies
Plastic surgery. Luggage labels to get patients. Tube pedicles/ waltzing tube pedicles.
12 of 17
Brain surgery
Used glass suckers or an electromagnet to remove shrapnel
13 of 17
Marie Curie - Technology
Found out about discovery of x-rays. Radioactivity. Cars/vehicles.
14 of 17
Marie Curie - War
Made her realise x-rays could save lives and convince people they were needed. 'Do their part for their country.' Learnt how to drive & help because of the war.
15 of 17
Marie Curie - Communication
Read work of Wilhelm Roentgen, who discovered x-rays. Married Pierre, and she used a device he invented. Convinced the government and garages to transform cars into vans. Talked to wealthy American women and scientists.
16 of 17
Marie Curie - Communication 2
Colleagues (American) & her created the Curie Foundation
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Wanted to ease pain of childbirth. Sniffed random drugs to see their effects. Found chloroform. Better than ether as didn't induce vomiting.

Back

Simpson

Card 3

Front

Pain wasn't a problem any more. More people had surgery. Higher death rate.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Read Pasteur's Germ Theory. Visit to sewers, realised rotting sewers smelt like his patients. Carbolic acid spray, Lister's donkey.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Halstead's nurse (fiance) got eczema due to Lister's donkey. Invented rubber gloves and masks etc.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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