Supporting Evidence for Mental Health

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Hippocrates (100BC)
Mental illness is caused by a imbalance of the 4 humours - blood, yellow bile, black bile & phlegm
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Rosenhan & Seligman (1984)
4 definitions of mental abnormality, statistical infrequency, failure to function adequately, acting against social norms and deviation from ideal mental health
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Krimsky & Cosgrove (2012)
69% of those on the panel for DSM5 had links with the pharmaceutical industry
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Ford & Widiger (1989)
Presenting the same symptoms to practitioners but changing the gender resulted in different diagnoses
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Key Research: Rosenhan (1973)
Patients faked schizophrenia and were admitted into mental hospitals. None were detected as fake and the average time spent in the hospital before being discharged was 19 days
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Young & Leyton (2002)
People given an amino acid that reduces serotonin, resulted in a lower mood
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Sachs (2015)
Mice with a serotonin deficiency had higher development of depressive symptoms when exposed to social stress
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Ohman (1975)
There are some evolutionary phobias e.g. spiders so they phobias can be transmitted genetically
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Brown (1986)
Brains of schizophrenia patients were 6% lighter and had larger lateral ventricles
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Weinberger (1992)
Found that in twins, schizophrenia sufferers had different prefrontal cortex and hippocampus volumes than an unaffected twin
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Strakowski (1999)
Bipolar patients had an enlarged amygdala
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Key Research: Gottesman (2010)
Risk of developing mental disorders is much higher if both parents, or even one parent has one
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Hershal (2004)
Disproves link between suicidal thoughts/actions and the use of antidepressants
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Watson & Rayner: Little Albert (1920)
Proved classical conditioning can explain phobias by pairing loud noises with animals
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Lewinsohn (1990)
Training parents to reinforce non-depressive behaviours paired with cognitive therapies reduced depressive symptoms in teens to 52%
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Paul & Lentz (1977)
Patients with schizophrenia given therapy based on social learning theory and operant conditioning were twice as likely to be discharged from hospital
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Aaron Beck (1961)
3 main dysfunctional belief themes: I am worthless or flawed, everything I do results in failure & the future is hopeless
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Morrison (2014)
Cognitive behavioural therapy plus usual treatment significantly reduced psychiatric symptoms
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Leichsenreig (2004)
Short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy gave significant improvements in general psychiatric symptoms
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Berin & Garfield (1971)
From 10,000 cases, 80% benefited if they received psychoanalysis
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Key Research: Szasz
By trying to treat people using medical approach to mental illness turns it into a disease and harms patients we are trying to help
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

4 definitions of mental abnormality, statistical infrequency, failure to function adequately, acting against social norms and deviation from ideal mental health

Back

Rosenhan & Seligman (1984)

Card 3

Front

69% of those on the panel for DSM5 had links with the pharmaceutical industry

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Presenting the same symptoms to practitioners but changing the gender resulted in different diagnoses

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Patients faked schizophrenia and were admitted into mental hospitals. None were detected as fake and the average time spent in the hospital before being discharged was 19 days

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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