Superpower Definitions

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Power
mostly economic, military and political power. in some instances, power may also be shown through culture
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superpowers
States or organisations with dominant positions in the international system. They have the ability to influence events in their own interests and project power on a worldwide scale to protect those interests. The term was first used during the second
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emerging superpowers
their power is often based on increasing economic importance and sometimes resources. examples include the BRICs
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regional powers
their sphere of influence tends to be continental instead of global, eg Japan
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economic power
wealth and advanced development enable them to buy resources and trade patterns
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military power
this is based on the possession of nuclear weapons and other weapons, as well as the monitoring of the world by satellites and spy tech
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cultural power
influences the way that people behave and involves the global promotion of a distinctive way of life and a set of values
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geographical influence
the sphere of influence of a superpower based on one or more of the other types of power
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hard power
normally military power as it is the most threatening type of power
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intermediate power
to do with the amount of trade and aid a country has
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soft power
a country's ideologies and culture represent their soft power - a media plays a big role in this
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unipolar pattern
with one dominant power
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bipolar pattern
when there is two opposing powers
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multipolar pattern
when there are three or more patterns
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colonialism
the acquisition and settlement of territory by another country
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neo-colonialism
the control of the economic and political systems of one country by a more powerful country
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aid
most is given with 'strings attached' forcing countries to use it in a way the donor country wants it to be used
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debt
mostly in the form of loans which has to be paid back over time - default over repayments leaves a larger amount to be repaid
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terms of trade
favor powers so they are able to have free trade
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strategic alliances
military basis in which superpowers offer 'protection' to developing countries
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consumerism
belief that wealth and the ability to buy goods and services can lead to happiness
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capitalism
belief that production should be determined by private decisions rather than state controlled ones
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Card 2

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States or organisations with dominant positions in the international system. They have the ability to influence events in their own interests and project power on a worldwide scale to protect those interests. The term was first used during the second

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superpowers

Card 3

Front

their power is often based on increasing economic importance and sometimes resources. examples include the BRICs

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

their sphere of influence tends to be continental instead of global, eg Japan

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

wealth and advanced development enable them to buy resources and trade patterns

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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