Other questions in this quiz

2. Reaction theories such as Cloward + ohlin have been criticised

  • for assuming everyone has mainstream goals to begin with to reject
  • for assuming everyone doesn't have the mainstream goals to begin with

3. subcultures provide an.... for those who cannot achieve it via mainstream goals

  • opportunity structure
  • alternative opportunity structure
  • similar opportunity structure

4. Criminal subcultures

  • fail both at legitimate and illegitimate/ have no access to them so result alchol drug abuse
  • youths appretaship in crime in neighbourhoods high adult crime, aoociate with adult criminals. opportunities on the crimnal ladder
  • loosely orgainised gangs no adults, winning turf from rival gangs (cohen)

5. criminal subcultures

  • drugs
  • material gains
  • defend turf


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