Studying Society - Keywords

A set of revision flash cards with the key terms from the "Studying Society" unit.

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  • Created by: Scarlett
  • Created on: 25-01-13 19:07
Agencies Of Socialisation
The institutions in which we learn the behaviour and culture of the society we're born into.
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Conformity
Following the rules of the government or an institution, and behaving in a way that is expected.
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Cultural Differences
The way that we differ from others in terms of our way of life.
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Discrimination
Treating people differently based on factors such as race or gender
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Ethnic Group
A group of people who share a identity based on cultural traditions and characteristics
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Feminism
A sociological approach to aspects of society, critical of patriarchy in society.
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Functionalism
A sociological approach to aspects of society, identifies the function certain institutions perform in society.
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Gender/Sex
Gender refers to cultural differences between boys and girls. Sex refers to biological differences.
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Identity
How we see ourselves and how other people see us.
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Marxism
A sociological approach to aspects of society, critical of the inequalities between social classes in society.
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Negative Sanctions
Sanctions that punish those who do not conform to a group's expectations. E.g. Ignoring them.
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Norms
Refers to the behaviour that is expected of us in different social contexts.
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Peer Group
A group of people who share similar status and position in society.
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Prejudice
A pre-judgement in favour, or against, a group, individual or issue.
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Primary Data
Data and information collected first hand.
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Primary Socialistaion
The process in early childhood by which we learn the culture and expected behaviour of the society we are born into.
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Role
A pattern of expected behaviour of those who occupy a certain social position.
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Role Model
A member of society or the family who acts as someone to look up to.
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Sample
A subgroup of the population being studied
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Secondary Sources
Sources of information that already exist and have been previously generated by other researchers.
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Secularization
The process whereby the influence of religion in society declines.
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Social Cohesion
The individual and groups in a society are united into a body of citizens rather than divided by conflict.
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Social Construction
Refers to the control that a group or society exercises over people's behaviour and actions.
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Social Issues
Issues that affect communities, groups and peoples lives, relating to the quality of parenting, adult and teenage relationships etc. Different from social problems.
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Social Mobility
Movement up and down the stractification system (the hierarchical layers in society).
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Social Problems
Problems facing society such as racism, sexism, crime, poverty etc. Seen as damaging and harmful to society.
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Social Stratification
The way that society is divided into hierarchical layers.
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Social Structures
The institutions that make up society, such as the family and schools.
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Status
Refers to the social positions linked, for example, to occupations and families.
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Stereotype
A standardized and distorted view of the characteristics of a particular group such as women, normally based on prejudice.
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Subcultue
A subgroup which differs from the main, dominant culture in terms of it's member's values.
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Values
Refer to what we as human beings believe is worth striving for, such as privacy and respect.
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Welfare State
A system in which the state takes responsibility for protecting the health of it's citizens.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Conformity

Back

Following the rules of the government or an institution, and behaving in a way that is expected.

Card 3

Front

Cultural Differences

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Discrimination

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ethnic Group

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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