Studying Society Key words

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  • Created by: herondxle
  • Created on: 23-11-14 14:58
Sociological approach
A way of understanding human society that focuses on social structures
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Psychological approach
A way of understanding human behaviour by looking at individual make-up (brain, thinking patterns, personality etc.)
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Biological approach
A way of understanding humans by looking at their biological make-up (genes, chromosomes, hormones etc.)
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Power
Where a person or group is able to direct the behaviour of another person or group. This can be through direct exercise of power
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Social Control
Ways of ensuring people behave in socially acceptable ways, such as socialisation, laws, exercise of power etc
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Social Structure
Structures organised around people, such as the family, schools, government, religion etc
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Culture
When a group of people share common norms, values and beliefs
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Subculture
A smaller group of people who share norms, values and beliefs that are different from the main culture
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Socialisation
Where you learn norms, values and beliefs. This can be primary or secondary
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Race
A term that suggests differences in culture, nationality, skin colour etc. are biological.
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Ethnicity
A term that refers to differences in culture but is not based on biology – this is about social differences.
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Sex
A term referring the biological categories of male and female, as defined by genes, chromosomes and hormones.
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Gender
A term referring to the social categories of masculine and feminine, which are usually related to the biological categories of male and female due to stereotyping and gender role socialisation.
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Stereotype
A ‘typical’ image of a person based on social categories such as gender, age, ethnicity, family position, job etc.
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Norms
Ways to act and behave that are seen as ‘normal’ within a culture / subculture
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Values
The things that a culture / subculture believes are important
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Beliefs
The things that a culture / subculture believes in
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Card 2

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A way of understanding human behaviour by looking at individual make-up (brain, thinking patterns, personality etc.)

Back

Psychological approach

Card 3

Front

A way of understanding humans by looking at their biological make-up (genes, chromosomes, hormones etc.)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where a person or group is able to direct the behaviour of another person or group. This can be through direct exercise of power

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ways of ensuring people behave in socially acceptable ways, such as socialisation, laws, exercise of power etc

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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