Studying Society

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  • Created by: Kitty
  • Created on: 03-02-14 20:25
Agencies of Socialisation
Groups responsible for carrying out socialisation.
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Closed Questions
Questions which have fixed choices.
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Cohort
A group of people with characteristics in common.
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Covert Participant Observation
When the researcher observes a group without them knowing.
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Culture
The way of life of a particular social group.
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Ethics
Similar to morals relating to how you conduct research.
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Ethnic Group
A social group whose members share a culture.
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Ethos
The character of an organisation.
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Gender
This relates to social or cultural differences between men and women.
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Generalisations
General statements and conclusions that apply to the population.
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Hypothesis
An informed guess usually written as a statement.
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Institutional Racism
Racism carried out by an organisation.
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Interview Bias
Also known as the interview effect, where the interview situation influences the respondent's answers.
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Interviewer Bias
Also known as the interviewer effect, where the interviewer influences the respondent's answers,
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Longitudinal Studies
Studies conducted over a period of time to identify a change.
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Mass media
Forms of communication that reach a large audience.
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Negative Sanctions
Sanctions that punish those who do not conform to a group's expectations.
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Norms
Unwritten rules concerning how we should behave.
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Observer effect
This occurs when a group act differently due to the observer.
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Official Statistics
Existing sources of data.
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Open Questions
Questions that allow you to give your own, detailed answer.
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Overt Participant Observation
When a researcher joins a group and observes them with knowledge of the group.
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Peer group
A group of people who share similar status.
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Pilot Study
A small scale trial run conducted before research.
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Population
The particular group under study.
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Positive Sanctions
Sanctions that reward those who behave correctly.
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Absolute Poverty
When people's income is insufficient to meet their minimum needs.
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Relative Poverty
People are deprived in relation to others.
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Primary Data
Info that is collect first-hand by the researcher.
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Primary Socialisation
Socialisation carried out in early childhood.
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Qualitative Data
Data presented in visual or verbal format.
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Quantitative Data
Data presented in numerical form.
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Racism
When people are treated are differently on the basis of their ethnicity.
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Representative Sample
A sample that reflects the characteristics of the whole population.
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Secondary Data
Data that already exists.
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Secondary Socialisation
Socialisation carried out in later childhood.
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Social Issues
Issues that affect groups and people's lives.
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Stratification
The way society is divided into hierarchical strata.
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Subcultures
Social groups which differ from the main culture of society,
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Taboo
Behaviour that is not usually allowed according to custom or tradition.
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Values
The belief behind the norm, why we believe we should conform to it.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Questions which have fixed choices.

Back

Closed Questions

Card 3

Front

A group of people with characteristics in common.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When the researcher observes a group without them knowing.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The way of life of a particular social group.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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