Studying society

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Achieved status
A position gained through effort
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Agencies of socialisation and social control
Parts of society which play a part in the processes of learning norms and values
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Ascribed status
A position into which you are born
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Canalisation
the channelling of children towards toys and activities seen as appropriate for their sex
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Cultural diversity
The wide range of differences between cultures
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Culture
A shared, learned way of life
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Feminism
Focuses on the situation of women in the society
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Functionalism
Based on consensus between members of society
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Identity
Our sense of who we are in relation to others
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Interactionism
Focuses on individuals and small groups
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Marxism
Sees society as being divided by class
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Mores
A stronger form of norms
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Nature
Things we are born with
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Nuture
Things we learn or develop through sociolisation
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Norms
Guidelines for behaviour in particular situations
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Organic analogy
Comparing society to a living organism
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Patriarchy
Domination of men over women
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Peer group
A group sharing the same social position
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Primary Socialisation
Earliest and most important stage of socialisation (informal) (learn the norms, attitudes, values and culture)
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Resocialisation
A new culture has to be learnt
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Role
Set of norms and values that go with a status
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Role conflict
Individual is faced with competing demands from different roles
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Sanction
A reward or punishment
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Secondary socialisation
Socialisation that takes place in other institutions outside the home (through agencies)
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Social control
The way behaviour is controlled and regulated by society
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Socialisation
The process of learning a culture
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Socio-biology
Theoretical perspective based on genetics
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Status
A position in society
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Values
Strong beliefs that underlie norms
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Subcultures
Identifiable group within society (members share common values, stlyes, social characteristics and behaviour but also shares some characteristics with the main culture)
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Police
People who make sure people conform to laws and investigate cases of law breaking
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Judiciary
People who deal with those accused of breaking the law
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Probation and prison service
People who look after those found guilty of breaking the law
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Life chances
People's chances of having positive or negative outcomes over their life.
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Ethnic group
Social group whose members share an identity based on their cultural traditions, religion or language
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Ethnic minority
Group of people who are from a different ethnic group than the majority population
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Racial group
Division of human kind on the basis of natural/physical characteristics (also known as race group)
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Racism
People who are treated differently on the basis of their ethnicity
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Sex
Whether someone is female or male (biological differences)
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Gender
Describes the different social processes, expectations and ideas associated with masculinity or femininity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Parts of society which play a part in the processes of learning norms and values

Back

Agencies of socialisation and social control

Card 3

Front

A position into which you are born

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the channelling of children towards toys and activities seen as appropriate for their sex

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The wide range of differences between cultures

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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