Studying Society

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Agencies of socialisation
These are social institutions which form part of the process of passing on to people the norms and values that a person holds. It is from agencies of socialisation that we learn how to act in the way that others expect of us.
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Culture
The way of life, knowledge, beliefs and ideas of a group of people.
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Ethnicity
culture or nationality of a person
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Feminism
Women activists who feel they are subjected to male domination and have a desire for social, political and economic equality of genders
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Functionalism
the theory that all aspects of a society serve a function and are necessary for the survival of that society
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Gender
The social roles people take on according to their biological sex
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Identity
A sense of who you are
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Marxism/ marxist theory
The idea that the social classes are in conflict with each other and unequal. The people who own the means of production exploit the people who work for them for wages.
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Norms
The normal and expected way to behave in a culture
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Formal social control
This is implemented by authorized agents including police officers, employers, military officers, and teachers. Eg: prisoners are made to wear certain clothes.
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Informal social control
This is exercised by a society without stating any rules or laws. It is expressed through norms and customs. For example: your friends may influence you and change your behaviour without you noticing it
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Social mobility
Being able to move up and down the social class system
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Social structures
These are organisations that go to create a society. They are the systems around which society is organised for example, education and family are often seen as social structures.
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Stereotype
People develop a generalised and simplistic image of members of other social groups and then behave as though these images were true
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Subcultures
A small group of people with different norms and values from mainstream society
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Status
The standing or respect a person or a group has in society
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Ascribed status
Ascribed status is the social status a person is assigned at birth or assumes involuntarily later in life
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Achieved status
a position in a social system that is acquired on the basis of merit; it is a position that is earned or chosen and reflects a person’s skills, abilities, and efforts
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Card 2

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The way of life, knowledge, beliefs and ideas of a group of people.

Back

Culture

Card 3

Front

culture or nationality of a person

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Women activists who feel they are subjected to male domination and have a desire for social, political and economic equality of genders

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the theory that all aspects of a society serve a function and are necessary for the survival of that society

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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