Studying Gender

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  • Created by: RachelH
  • Created on: 26-11-14 16:39
Sex
is a biological term and refers to the physical and physiological characteristics associated with being male or female
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Gender
refers to the concept of masculinity and femininity, and the behaviours and characteristics we attribute to those terms
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Androgyny
describes people who possess both typically male and typically female traits and use the masculine and feminine elements of their personality as and when appropriate - this concept was developed by Sandra Bem (1974)
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Gender identity
refers to one's perception of one's sexuality, whether we see ourselves as male or female and what being male or female means to us
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Gender role
refers to the socially-defined roles and behaviours assigned to males and females. A women's gender role might be that of 'mother'. It is the part that our culture expects us to play because we are either male or female
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Sex-role (Gender role) stereotype
refers to the belief held by a culture (or sub-culture) that certain tasks and behaviours are associated exclusively with either males or females. It can be thought of as an over-extension or over-simplification of gender role
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Cultural diversity
is to do with how roles, expectations and behaviours vary from culture to culture, for example, gender roles may be different in different cultures
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Nature vs. nurture
refers to the debate about whether personality traits are a result of an individual's genetic and hormonal make-up (nature) or whether they are learnt as a result of social and cultural factors (nurture)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

refers to the concept of masculinity and femininity, and the behaviours and characteristics we attribute to those terms

Back

Gender

Card 3

Front

describes people who possess both typically male and typically female traits and use the masculine and feminine elements of their personality as and when appropriate - this concept was developed by Sandra Bem (1974)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

refers to one's perception of one's sexuality, whether we see ourselves as male or female and what being male or female means to us

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

refers to the socially-defined roles and behaviours assigned to males and females. A women's gender role might be that of 'mother'. It is the part that our culture expects us to play because we are either male or female

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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