Studies for the Stress Unit

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1. What points can be used to evaluate Holmes and Rahe's study?

  • Individual differences are important- one person may be more affected by life changes than another as well as this the relationship is correlational rather than causal
  • Many researchers use retrospective recall to investigate daily hassels and this may make the reporting unreliable, causal conclusions cannot be drawn easily
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2. Which piece of research supports Maddi's study?

  • Lifton: students with high Hardiness scores were more likely to finish their degrees
  • Ruffin: daily hassels were linked to greater psychological and physical disfunction than life events

3. What point can be used to evaluate studies into workplace stress?

  • The invention of new technology means our current knowledge is rapidly becoming out if date as technological advances may change stressors in the workplace
  • Much of the research has relied upon evidence from self-report questionnaires

4. Who created the Hassels and Uplifts Scale?

  • Delongis
  • Kobasa
  • Meichenbaum

5. What did Kiecolt-Glaser do in her study?

  • Took blood samples from students in a low stress and high stress period, immune system functioning was measured by NK cell activity
  • Inflicted punch biopsies in the mouths of students either in the holidays or during exam season


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