Studies for the Stress Unit

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1. What are the methodological problems with daily hassels research?

  • Many researchers use retrospective recall to investigate daily hassels and this may make the reporting unreliable, causal conclusions cannot be drawn easily
  • The invention of new technology means our current knowledge is rapidly becoming out if date as technological advances may change stressors in the workplace
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2. Who developed Hardiness Training?

  • Marucha
  • Maddi
  • Kobasa

3. What are the three stages of Hardiness Training?

  • Focusing: learn to indentify the physical symptoms of stress, Relieving: learn to analyse stressful situations to understand coping strategies, Self-improvement: take on challenges which can be coped with to build confidence
  • Conceptualization: indentify fears and concerns, Skill acquisition: train to develop skills like positive thinking and relaxation to improve self confidence, Application: practise skills in real life

4. Who carried out research into exam stress in 1984?

  • Kiecolt-Glaser
  • Marucha
  • Lazarus

5. What did Kiecolt-Glaser find out?

  • NK cell activity was significantly reduced in the second blood sample, short term predictable stress reduces immune system functioning
  • The wounds given during exam season took 40% longer to heal


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