Stuctures and Functions of Carbohydrates

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An element found in carbohydrates beginning with O
Oxygen
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This bond forms between two glucose molecules
Glycosidic
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The name of the carbohydrate that makes up the plant cell wall
Cellulose
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An element found in carbohydrates beginning with H
Hydrogen
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Chitin is similar to Cellulose but has _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to form a mucopolysaccharide
Amino Acids
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Alternate units are _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 180 degrees in cel_ _ _ _ _ _ and chi_ _ _
Flipped Cellulose Chitin
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Chitin functions as the e_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in a certain animal
Exoskeleton
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An element found in carbohydrates beginning with C
Carbon
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What aspect makes starch branched and more easily hydrolysed?
Amylopectin
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This carbohydrate is used for energy storage in plants
Starch
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What carbohydrate used as energy storage in animals?
Glycogen
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The name of the reaction which joins glucose molecules together
Condensation
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The isomer that makes up starch
Alpha Glucose
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Is starch straight-chained or branched?
Branched
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Where can you find the carbohydrate in animals used for energy storage?
Liver
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Chitin is used in what animal? (beginning with I )
Insects
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What disaccharide is made when two alpha glucose monomers are joined?
Maltose
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Storage carbohydrates have this in common
Branched Structure
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What function does cellulose provide in plant cells?
Structural Support
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Is starch (one) or glycogen (two) more heavily branched? - answer as either 'one' or 'two' (so that number of letters aren't a give away)
Glycogen
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What reaction breaks apart poly- and disaccharides into their monomers?
Hydrolysis
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What disaccharide is made when alpha glucose and galactose are joined?
Lactose
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If starch isn't present when testing, the solution remains this colour
Orange
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What disaccharide is made when alpha glucose and fructose are joined together?
Sucrose
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What food source can you get starch from?
Potatoes
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What's the name of the molecule that is removed from a di- and polysaccharide when breaking down into monomers?
Water
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What is the N-acetyl group also known as?
Amino Acid
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The solution used to test for starch
Iodine
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This is why the exoskeleton is strong
Microfibrils
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Starch is insoluble or soluble?
Insoluble
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Glycogen has short and many branches, this means it is _ _ _ _ _ _ _. This is very useful for energy storage
Compact
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Mucopolysaccharide refers to which carbohydrate?
Chitin
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What is it about the surface of an insect's body that allows them to reduce waterloss? W_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ f
Waterproof
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What bonds form between polysaccharide chains in cellulose and chitin?
Hydrogen bonds
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When bonds form between polsaccharide chains they form bundles known as _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Mircrofibrils
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The exoskeleton is also good for terrestrial organisms because of the risk of this
Dehydration
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When testing for starch, the solution will go from _ _ _ _ _ to... _ _ _ _ _.
Orange Black
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Microfibrils help celllose to be _ _ _ _ _ g for s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ l s _ _ _ _ r _
Strong Structual Support
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This bond forms between two glucose molecules

Back

Glycosidic

Card 3

Front

The name of the carbohydrate that makes up the plant cell wall

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

An element found in carbohydrates beginning with H

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Chitin is similar to Cellulose but has _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to form a mucopolysaccharide

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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